Browsing Ruch Prawniczy, Ekonomiczny i Socjologiczny, 1972, nr 4 by Author "Chuaqui, Jorge"
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ItemPołożenie klas społecznych w chilijskiej rzeczywistości w latach 1955 - 1956(Wydział Prawa i Administracji UAM, 1972) Chuaqui, JorgeThis article approaches the problem of the delimitation of the principal categories of class positions in Chile, from a marxist point of view. As an aproximation to the problem, three theories that deny the fully capitalistic character of Latin America, those of "modernity", "structural dualism", and "social marginality" are rejected by the author who adopts the conception of Chile as a dependent society, but in a more specific form, i.e., as a capitalist society subjected to imperialism. Several empirical facts in the Chilean economy are examined, which confirm not only that society is subjected to imperialism, but also that it is monopolistic and oligarchic one, in which the State has a noticeable role in economic life. Some aspects of social relations in the countryside are shown as not purely capitalistic, but operating in a capitalist framework of economic relations. In any case they cannot be characterized as "feudal". Next, a general categorization that combines the different dimensions of classes in Chile is presented. Finally, some theoretical comments about the nature of the different criterio employed in the categorization are made, which specify the marxist approach according to the features of Chilean society analyzed in this article.