Browsing Poznańskie Studia Slawistyczne, 2014, nr 7 by Title
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ItemAntun Gustav Matoš i Đakovo(Wydawnictwo Nauka i Innowacje, 2014) Ćurić, MirkoThe paper deals with the relationship between Antun Gustav Matoš and the most important people of the town’s cultural and political life at the turn of the 19 th into 20 th century. The relationship between Matoš and the town Đakovo is considered from two perspectives: the first being the perspective of Matoš, which is based on his two travel accounts and numerous writings about Đakovo, i.e. the Bishop of the Diocese of Đakovo, Josip Juraj Strossmayer; the second perspective is that of Đakovo-based writers and considers their attitudes towards Matoš, with a special regard to the Bishop Strossmayer. The relationship between Antun Gustav Matoš and the Bishop Strossmayer was complex, even though it was, seemingly paradoxical, one-sided. Strossmayer was in many, ways an extraordinarily important person for Matoš, who wrote many texts about Strossmayer, for Strossmayer however, Matoš was only one among many young Croatian writers who were asking him for help and wrote about him. Strossmayer refused to provide Matoš with patronage, therefore the aim of this paper is to establish the reasons behind that decision, and determine why Croatia’s most prominent patron could not, or refused to, acknowledge one of Croatia’s most important writers. ItemAntun Gustav Matoš’ autobiographische Märchen(Wydawnictwo Nauka i Innowacje, 2014) Katušić, BernardaThe paper aims to show that in his prose oeuvre, Matoš appropriates the typical fairy tale elements, unifies different fairy tale traditions and adapts them pursuant to the symbolist poetics in order to create his own variation of a modernist literary fable (Kunstlermärchen). ItemDubravka Oraić Tolić’s Thoughts on Antun Gustav Matoš(Wydawnictwo Nauka i Innowacje, 2014) Dujić, TatjanaThe purpose of this appendage (addendum) is to study a position of the female subject in the fictional prose of Antun Gustav Matoš through the reading of Dubravka Oraić Tolić. This research has shown that female subjects carry, or better to say, possess all features of Matoš’s poetic expression, therefore it is possible to sort them into three different models: woman--mother, woman-aesthetic creation and femme fatale. ItemHermafroditska žena. Retorika spolnosti i femininosti u novelistici A.G. Matoša (na primjeru Cvijeta sa raskršća)(Wydawnictwo Nauka i Innowacje, 2014) Vuković, Tvrtko; Žužul, IvanaThe literary work of A.G. Matoš is characterized by a strong interest in femininity and sexuality. The analyses of female’s figures and sexuality in the author’s oeuvre have strived to imbue these concepts with stable meaning. Our thesis is that sexuality and the rhetoric of femininity are generally unreadable and ambiguous, and that their direct, literal interpretations are based on their unconscious exclusion. The example of the short story Cvijet sa raskršća (Crossroads Flower) shows that the rhetoric of femininity works as a drive of the text and its reading, and that the interpretations, trying to calm the ambiguity of that concept, remain blind to the blindness of insight, for what the text sets as a necessary condition of its own reading and understanding. ItemHrvatska kratka priča i Antun Gustav Matoš(Wydawnictwo Nauka i Innowacje, 2014) Sablić Tomić, HelenaAntun Gustav Matoš has affirmed the Croatian short story and that is why his short story collections have initiated a major „breakthrough” in terms of this genre’s reception. His narrative oeuvre includes the following collections: Iverje(Wood Shavings, 1899), Novo iverje(New Wood Shavings, 1900) and Umorne priče(Tired Tales, 1909). Depending on the type of motif, his short stories have been read as follows: 1. stories about local people and events; 2. humorous stories about people at home and abroad; 3. stories about unusual, unbelievable „unreal” events; 4. stories of enchanting and yearning love; 5. lyrical cadenzas. His symbolic-grotesque-fantastic story Moć savjesti(The Power of Conscience) marked his entry into the world of narrative literature. In this story, the binary relationship between the theme and the motif is recognised in the gap between the world of wakefulness and the world of dreams, reality and fantasy, what is real and what is unreal, the actual life and the ideal life, the object and the subject. At the same time, however, Matoš is trying to unite these opposites. In his other short stories, unusual plots become an expression of a deep ontological crisis which engulfed the European culture and art during modernism. The maxim of modern art at the turn of the century is „the world is a text”: art is a subjective reconstruction of the world and therefore plots, with all their logical cause and effect relationships, are no longer important since they cannot express other spheres of consciousness. In his short stories, the bizarre plots were used by Matoš to join two worlds, the world of outward reality and the world of imagination, the empirical and the fantastic, the possible and the impossible. ItemIntermedijalna korespondencija: A.G.M. – Ljudevit Šestić i Josip Leović(Wydawnictwo Nauka i Innowacje, 2014) Mrkonjić, AnđelkoThe content of the paper examines the intermediate dialogue of the poetic and artistic text on the paradigm of A.G. Matoš’s poetry and the painting created by Ljudevit Šestić and Josip Leović. The main thought derives from Miroslav Šincel’s ascertainment how the works of Matoš „mirror the most important features of our symbolical-impressionistic modernism”. Šestić’s continental landscape impressionist painting and Leović’s symbolism in his painting, open therefore the possibility of intermediate style, content and biographical link (Tovarnik, Osijek, Đakovo, Paris, music...), keeping in mind the different positioning on the map of national cultural heritage. And with Matoš’s pictorial construction of lyrical text and his artistic sensibility, that is very much possible. In the field of stylistic link, purity of style can be read out, but also stylistic impurities caused by a personal and Homeland fate. This paper is of culturological nature. Item„Intermedijalna osjetljivost” poezije Antuna Gustava Matoša, perspektiva lirskog subjekta(Wydawnictwo Nauka i Innowacje, 2014) Jukić, SanjaThe paper aims to show that the lyrical subject of Matošʼs poetry is indeed a media hybrid structure. This subject usually identifies with the signifiers of other artistic media, such as the theater, dance, music, painting, fashion and architecture. Therefor, Matoš’s lyrical subject reveals itself as a media hybrid being, which is defined by both time and culture. ItemKrugowcy o Matošu(Wydawnictwo Nauka i Innowacje, 2014) Wyszogrodzka-Liberadzka, NataliaAntun Gustav Matoš, central figure of Croatian Modernism became an icon and a legend yet in life, which, after the artistʼs death, only strengthened and his infl uence on the further shape of Croatian literature is difficult to deny. On the other hand, he is not the very often mentioned author the literary journal „Krugovi”, and also he is not considered in the first row of the most influential literary patterns for this generation of writers. However, Antun Gustav Matoš’s image that emerges from the pages of „Krugovi”, although incomplete and fragmentary, is extremely interesting. Young writers attempted to comprehensively educate their literary model reader, so they drew attention to artists who were the most valuable for the native literary tradition. Understanding and acknowledging the importance of his achievements and well-deserved place in the history of Croatian literature, young artists were able, however, to an analytical and critical approach, in the majority of cases presenting a solid argument, not limited to duplication of hackneyed slogans. ItemMatoš and Whitman: a Comparison of Two Poems(Wydawnictwo Nauka i Innowacje, 2014) Mitrovich, Ksenija; Swanson, MarthaThis essay compares Utjeha kose, translated as The Solace of Hair, by Antun Gustav Matoš and Death’s Valleyby Walt Whitman. We analyze similarities in theme, metaphor and poetic style. We also offer a close analysis of verse, together with meter, together with syntax and phonology of the two poems. Matoš and Whitman approach similar themes from different perspectives. However, we find coincidental similarities in both techniques and stylistic devices and the underlying messages of the pieces. We also draw upon our personal vision of the pieces as well as, in the case of Death’s Valleyin particular, outside sources, to form our opinions. It is necessary to say that we had no access to any materials on Matoš, and, therefore, all our statements on The Solace of Hairare our personal conclusions and have no intext or works cited documentation. ItemMatoš i postmoderna, A.G.M. kao matrix hrvatske književnosti(Wydawnictwo Nauka i Innowacje, 2014) Rem, GoranThe article Matoš and Croatian Postmodernism shows that it was Boro Pavlović (1921– –2001), the anticipator and „the father” of Croatian postmodernism, the author of fifty collections of poems and numerous media creations of Walter Benjaminʼs provenance in the 50ʼs (exhibition of poems Wein 1942, collection News in 1954, the project-exhibition Encyclopedia poeticain 1957/1958, and computer poem MOrpheusin 1978), who figuratively, impressively, but accurately summed up the importance of the impressionist, symbolist and Art Nouveau author A.G.M. for the overall Croatian literature. ItemMatoš i Radić: dwie koncepcje kultury(Wydawnictwo Nauka i Innowacje, 2014) Falski, MaciejAntun Gustav Matoš and Antun Radić were leading the Croatian intellectuals of their era. Radić, an ethnologist, formulated the concept of culture, in which the most important significance for the national identity was attributed to the people. He considered peasantry authentic and free of contaminations, accusing the elite of cosmopolitanism and abandoning of the Croatian source values. Meanwhile, for Matoš the most important factor in the Croatian culture was opening to the foreign infl uences and to their creative force. As a consequence, the opposition between the writer and the ethnologist appears, corresponding to the concept of open and closed culture. Despite the use of the same dichotomy of the elites and the people, each of them assigns different values of both cultural strata. Radić politicizes the peasantry and tries to bring it to the public sphere, pretending to defend the values of the indigenous Croatian culture, while Matoš, regardless of his political nationalism, creates the elitist vision of open and inclusive culture. ItemMatoš w nowej optyce teoretycznej(Wydawnictwo Nauka i Innowacje, 2014) Nemec, Krešimir ItemMatoša problematyzacje piękna. Tropem pewnego poszukiwania(Wydawnictwo Nauka i Innowacje, 2014) Czapik-Lityńska, BarbaraThe article describes the transformations of the traditional category of beauty in the Croatian modernist discourse. Based on the analysis of works of Matoš, we offer a study of modernist concepts of beauty, manifested in the relations between beauty, art and life. The discourse in question simultaneously transforms and explains the sense of beauty, introduces into the world of aesthetic and artistic values central to the culture of modernism. ItemMatošev Cvijet sa raskršća– alegorijom do konfi guracije sebstva(Wydawnictwo Nauka i Innowacje, 2014) Pšihistal, RužicaFlower from the Crossroads (1902) belongs to the group of Matoš’s symbolistic novellas, rendered by the symbolically coded title, teleogenetic plot, characters as personified abstractions, motive topography (path, crossroads, garden) and especially the name of the protagonist (Solus). The name Solus, as an autofictional figure, contains its own glossary and reading instructions towards the solipsistic narrative matrix, which is supported by the diegetic level of the story through unusual events bordering dream and reality. With the help of the basic guidelines of Paul Ricoeur on storytelling as a hermeneutical mediation of the self and narrative analysis of the story, the main question of the allegorical interpretation in this study is: which model of self is offered by the narrative identity of Solus? ItemMatošev Prologdrami ProkletstvoMilana Ogrizovića i Andrije Milčinovića(Wydawnictwo Nauka i Innowacje, 2014) Trojan, IvanOn 7th May 1907, after publishing the play Prokletstvoin literary magazine „Savremenik”, the censorship approved performing the play in the Croatian national theatre in the theater season 1906/1907 under the condition that it would have passed through some radical changes. However, twenty days later all rehearsals were banned. Authors, Milan Ogrizović and Andrija Milčinović, show their brief union in resisting censorship publishing Prokletstvointo a separate book in year 1907 with Matosʼ Prologuethat critically assails the institutions that stopped the play. Content and repercussions of Matosʼ editorial in Prokletstvoare the starting point of this article that outlines the cultural and political situation in Croatia in the fi rst decade of the 20 th century. ItemO povijesno-književnim (re)konstrukcijama Matoša(Wydawnictwo Nauka i Innowacje, 2014) Škvorc, BorisThis article deals with the constructions of „Matoš” in Croatian histories of literature. Central for the study is Alum Munslow’s thesis that history cannot be „non-narrative”. In that respect the relationship between hi/story and narrative genre is studied on examples of how the „character” of Antun Gustav Matoš, one of the most famous Croatian writers from the beginning of twentieth century, is both perceived and constructed in historical narrative and in philological context that is discursively circled by the narrative. ItemPolemički stil A.G. Matoša(Wydawnictwo Nauka i Innowacje, 2014) Bagić, KrešimirAntun Gustav Matoš is the father of the Croatian literary polemics. By confronting his contemporaries, he shaped a unique style of polemicizing which is characterized by straightforwardness, wit, elegance of speech and artistry. This style is based on various procedures which Matoš used in his polemics as well as on different textual patterns through which he articulated his polemical thought. The paper descibes and exemplifies seven stylistic procedures (portraying in oposition, polemical quote, polemical naming, polemical verb, polemical maxim, word play, polemical point) and eight textual patterns (literary criticism, fictitious dialogue, comical story, polemical poem, aphorism, drama, polemical epistle). The opulence of Matoš’s style produces a polemics which is both carnevalesque and fictional. He brings together what is seemingly incompatible – the polemics which is based on the truth principle and fiction which is essentially indifferent towards that principle. ItemPortraits of Antun Gustav Matoš by Josip Vaništa and Antun Babić(Wydawnictwo Nauka i Innowacje, 2014) Kusik, VlastimirThis essay deals with two visual art portraits by the painter Josip Vaništa and the sculptor Antun Babić. The subject is Antun Gustav Matoš, whom each artist depicts according to his own artistic vocabulary and visual language. There is a difference in both the form and the motivation. For Josip Vaništa, A.G. Matoš announced the dawn of Croatian modernism, which was his painterly point of departure, while for A. Babić, A.G. Matoš was a literary figure who belonged to s specific physical space. ItemProjekt Matoševa spomenika u Zagrebu godine 1938. s pregledom vrijedne likovne „matošiane”(Wydawnictwo Nauka i Innowacje, 2014) Čorkalo Jemrić, KaticaThe paper describes the first organized attempt to erect a monument to A.G. Matoš in Zagreb (1938), an erected monument – Matoš on the bench– made by I. Kozarić (1978), as well as other visual art works inspired by Matoš – portraits, busts, and caricatures. At the end a description of the memorial house of Matoš and other memorials in his born-town Tovarnik is given, with emphasizing of the future activities in the memorial house. Inspired by the important book To the memory of A.G. Matoš, this paper gives an overview of the memorial heritage dedicated to the great poet. ItemPublicistički diskurs A.G. Matoša – od stila do političkog imaginarija(Wydawnictwo Nauka i Innowacje, 2014) Boris, BeckIn the newspaper articles and feuilltons, Antun Gustav Matoš uses a variety of procedures analogous to his artistic creation and develops a rich figuration and characteristic irony. The journalistic discourse constructed in that way consistently creates political and social imaginary which confirms oppositions: nationally/internationally, individual/collective, tradition/ modernity and Croat/Serb, where the author clearly states his preference. Although Matoš consistently promote Starčevićʼs heritage, liberalism and individualism, he does not simply convey a political message, but adds meaning to agitation, which boosts its suggestivness, but also causes that it becomes relative.