Browsing Studia Edukacyjne, 2017, nr 44 by Title
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ItemA Professional Learning Community as a Factor of the Professional Development of Teachers(Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM, 2017) Magrafta, GalitThe article presents the importance of the professional learning community in the school framework. It discusses the creation of a learning community, its characteristics, advantages, and the challenges in the leadership and establishment of a professional learning community. In addition, the article presents the importance of the introduction of a learning community into educational frameworks and provides a solution to the resources that pertain to the time or systemic flexibility.This article highlights the importance of collaborations, peer learning, and a productive discourse among teacher colleagues. ItemAnna Dudak, Katarzyna Klimkowska, Sukces jako doświadczenie biograficzne ojców sprawujących opiekę nad dzieckiem, Wydawnictwo UMCS, Lublin 2017, ss. 365.(Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM, 2017) Koperna, Paulina ItemChild from Single Parent Family in Preschool Environment – a Theoretical Outline and Practical Tips(Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM, 2017) Schmidt, AnnaNowadays, the subject of a family is often mentioned and researched. It’s needs, transformations, crisis, roles and functioning are widely discussed. It is indeed a very complex issue. The article present the theoretical background and mention diverse sources concerning issues such as: single families, preschool environment, child development, single parenting – definitionsand models, pre-school environment, child development, challenges and support for a child from single parent family in a kindergarten. The great role of teacher-educator and other specialists, but also working with institutions in the process of supporting the family. In the text the organization of comprehensive assistance for the child was also highlighted. In conclusion, the author referred to the results of her mini-resources and pointed to the need to support the child in the area of emotional and social functioning, which in case of children from single parent family is particularly vulnerable and shaky. ItemDeficyty gotowości szkolnej przedszkolaka – można im łatwo zapobiec. Od zintegrowanej diagnozy do skutecznego wspierania rozwoju dziecka(Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM, 2017) Suchodolska, JolantaThe levels of skills, abilities and adaptability achieved by a child within a kindergarten community becomes a natural entry pass to participate in a wider peer community which is formed by children taking up the challenge of school education. The differences between children starting school education are visible in the fieldof broadly construed self-reliance (spatial, manual, self-service, task-based) and in numerous abilities to react, communicate and learn, gained and improved within the first6 years of life. They can result from the multiple factors connected with the child’s diversifiedpotential, the degree to which the child’s social and educational needs are taken care of. Furthermore, there are exogenous factors involved which affect the pace and character of the development process in an unusually individualized way, which in turn heavily depends on the specificsituation and the upbrin-ging methods applied. All of the above result in a situation where the differences in an individual’s readiness for school become a crucial parametric indicator which, when disregarded, can expose the child to failures during his attempts to adapt to a new environment until optimal conditions are created to enable the child to achieve success.This study provides the proposals to be used while trying to provide support for the child’s individual development and aims at protecting the child from failures at the beginning of school education or eliminating the risk of exclusion connected with the existing failures. ItemFotografia w badaniach nad stygmą społeczną. Wnioski metodologiczne z badań nad stygmatyzacją osób, które popełniły przestępstwo(Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM, 2017) Chomczyński, PiotrThe goal of this paper is to present some preliminary methodological conclusions from research on social stigmatization of people who served time in prisons. It mainly discusses some patterns that underlie the process of photography interpretation made by interviewees within the techniques of in-depth interview and focus group interview. To characterize the research tools, contexts and circumstances of research are indicated which are important for the understanding of the outcomes obtained. The results are based on an analysis of forty in-depth interviews and eight focus group interview sessions.As this article is methodological in character, the problem of stigmatization as a subject of social rese-arch is only indicated as a context of the analyses presented in this paper. ItemGaokao i procesy stratyfikacji społecznej w Chinach(Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM, 2017) Gromkowska-Melosik, AgnieszkaThis article concerns „gaokao” Chinese exams. I show how the „high stakes” tests (the essence of these exams) create the winners and losers in the battle for stratification success. They set up, as a one-time „selection act”, the trajectory of a career and the whole future life of young Chinese. At the same time, they are an example of the entanglement of the testing process in politics and of the enormous (and overwhelming) social pressure on young people. ItemInetta Nowosad, Klaudia Pietrań, Mirosław J. Szymański (red.), Szkoła. Konflikt Podmiotów? Wydawnictwo Adam Marszałek, Toruń 2016, ss. 266.(Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM) Duda, Anna K. ItemKompetencje dyrektora szkoły jako lidera. Raport z badań(Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM, 2017) Błajet, Piotr; Przyborowska, Beata; Murawska, IwonaThe text presents the assumptions and effects of realization of the novelty scheme of educating education leaders. The studies were realized on the basis of the authorial, innovative and integral education model. Ken Wilber’s integral model is used in creation of syllabuses in many schools and universities around the world. The results of implementation of our integral model are currently being formulated. Selected results are presented in the following report. ItemKompetencje społeczne nauczycieli – diagnoza i pomocowe implikacje(Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM, 2017) Piorunek, Magdalena; Werner, IwonaThe paper focuses on the diagnosis of the social competencies of the lower secondary school teachers and among students preparing for the teaching profession. The study used the Social Competencies Profile (PROKOS), which measures social competencies in five specific areas: assertiveness, cooperation, social mindedness, resourcefulness, and community awareness. Surprisingly, students exhibit higher levels of assertiveness and cooperation competencies than teachers. In the group of teachers, statistically significant differences were found between men and women at the level of all the competencies diagnosed. Professional advancement and teacher training did not produce different results. This shows that the level of social competence of teachers is unsatisfactory, especially as regards their ability to support young people. ItemMakdonaldyzacja polskiego systemu edukacyjnego(Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM, 2017) Welskop, WojciechMcDonaldization is present in many areas of social life and its various attributes like efficiency,calculability, predictability, and control determine the rhythm of human activity in society. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the educational system in Poland from the perspective of the McDonaldization phenomenon, thereby drawing attention to the role of the consumer culture in the fieldof education and to show the progress of the globalization process and its side effects in this field. ItemMłode kobiety w gangach: między wiktymizacją a maskulinizacją(Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM, 2017) Andraszczyk, WojciechIn this paper I will try to present a selection of contexts of young women’s functioning in the gangs. Gangs are traditionally associated with a male identity and a masculine type of criminality, therefore a female participation in the gangs breaks up completely with the essentialist image of femininity and denies the dichotomous division of sexes. A woman as a member of a gang, with her violence oriented attitude and masculinised identity put all the former ideals into question. In this article I will also make reference to the myths concerning female gangs, which among others refer to the conviction that their female members play a secondary part, being a sort of “sattelites” to the male gangsters. Moreover, I will reconstruct the role of the female members of a gang in its structure, as well as the process of women dropping out of a gang. ItemNauczyciel w kontekście przemian w systemie kształcenia: stan obecny i oczekiwane kierunki zmian(Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM, 2017) Szott, MichałContemporary pedeutology constantly strives to determine the direction of the necessary changes in the educational system as regards the proper preparation of teachers to work in this profession. This is a department of pedagogy dealing with issues related to the teacher teacher. The most important research subjects in the fieldof pedeutologists’ interests are the personality of the teacher, the selection of suitable candidates for the job as a teacher, the training and improvement of the teaching staff. Previously, these problems were mainly dealt with in pedagogical, psychological and sociological approaches.Literature of the subject presents the personality of the student and the teacher as the essential com-ponents of the educational process. Newly published works on pedagogical themes, highlighting the increasing importance of teaching function in the education system, are emerging. Its role seems to be of particular importance when working with a child with special educational needs.From a historical point of view, the teacher’s function has changed a lot over the course of evolution. This indicates that with the passage of time waiting for teachers gradually increased. Contemporary educators are a very broad professional group, having their own way of preparing for the profession, and its interests are watched out by trade unions. The demands placed on the teacher today are very high, since he is mainly expected to shape the pupil’s personality (the process of education), not just the transfer of knowledge (the teaching process). Increasingly, the role of the school, which aims to be both an educator and an educator, imposes new tasks and responsibilities on the teacher. This makes us more and more often meet in pedagogy with the term „teacher-educator”, which refers to both aforementioned functions. We can also include other teacher functions such as tutor, leader, animator, organizer, didactic-educational process researcher, expert, therapist.It can be observed that a new structure of the personality of the educator is slowly emerging. This is due in part to the nature of man, his subjectivity in relation to the environment in which he lives. It is a unit that is constantly being created and created. Similarly, the profession of the teacher requires him to constantly adapt to changes in the education system and modern education. He should represent the personality in this matter effectively, and his morals and personal culture should contribute to the success of working with his charges. Such a structure of teacher personality consists of elements such as: worldview, interests, motives, temperament, abilities, intelligence, appropriate character, striving for self-improvement (self-mastery), self-conscience. Item„Nieobecny ojciec” – casus rodzin nieletnich przestępców(Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM, 2017) Bernasiewicz, Maciej; Noszczyk-Bernasiewicz, MonikaThe studies presented in the article show the presence and quality of the male model of the guardian in the life of juvenile delinquents. The biographies of 26 boys and 34 girls (juvenile delinquents) were studied. The text attempts to prove the thesis that the absence of the father in the upbringing of the child (his physical as well as emotional absence) has serious consequences in the children’s moral development. On the other hand, a presence of a criminal father constitutes an equally strong predictor of juvenile delinquency. ItemO znaczeniu badań ilościowo-jakościowych w edukacji. Próba łączenia wody z ogniem…(Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM, 2017) Trusz, SławomirSocial research, including educational studies, could be conducted in accordance with ontological and epistemological assumptions of quantitative vs. qualitative research orientations. When such a distinction is present, the same phenomena are analyzed and presented in a significantly different and often mutually excluding way. Is such an approach justified? It seems it is not. Based on the precedence of a research subject over the method, it could be said that a more comprehensive picture of the phenomena analyzed emerges when researchers make use of methods accepted in both quantitative and qualitative research orientations. The article presents theoretical assumptions and interesting practical solutions of a mixed approach (a mixed methodology) in social research. On the one hand, solutions and methods recommended for the quantitative research can be useful for studies conducted in accordance with the assumptions of qualitative orientation, and on the other hand, solutions and methods recommended for the qualitative research may be useful for the studies conducted in accordance with the assumptions of quantitative orientation. Both approaches have been illustrated by particular examples of research practices. ItemObraz młodzieży w filmie– jako impuls do namysłu nad kondycją tożsamości współczesnych nastolatków(Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM, 2017) Myszka-Strychalska, LucynaThe dynamic transformations of the contemporary reality oblige the subject to engage in permanent self-creation and search of their place in the world. Technological development and the increasing role of the pictorial message in socio-cultural life significantlyimpact the individual’s perception of the external environment. A wide filmoffer, an essential element of popular culture, creates both a fictionalimage of the postmodern world and strives to reflectits real image, including the youth participating in its space. In the face of this sketched perspective, a question arises: “To what extent is the image of a young man shown in filmsconsistent with his real face?” and “To what extent does the image of a teenager in a movie affect his own ‘ego’”? ItemObszary poradnictwa i wsparcia społecznego w aspekcie poprawy zatrudnialności absolwentów szkół zawodowych(Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM, 2017) Jeruszka, UrszulaThe text “Counseling and Social Support as Improving the Employability of Graduates of Vocational Schools” focuses on showing the causes of the low employability of graduates of vocational schools and the ways to help and support instruments for the graduates’ successful entry into the labor market. This article interprets concepts of absolute and relative employability as well as learned helplessness on the labor market, which points to the need for differentiation. The text looks at the fate of professional graduate studies as a source of information about the demand for support activities – career counseling and social support. The text moreover indicates problems corresponding not only to events occurring at one point in a person’s life, but also the processes influencing the growth of the portion of the human capital related to education. Support measures are considered in relation to decisions affecting the educational path and professional graduate (prevention) and therefore the school-induced competence of entering the labor market (prevention of the negative consequences of differences between learning outcomes and employers’ expectations). ItemOdcienie dekadencji we współczesnej nowoczesności a dylematy reprezentantów nauk społecznych(Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM, 2017) Radziewicz-Winnicki, Andrzej; Walancik, MarekThis paper attempts to explore the processes involved in the methodological, intellectual and cultural reproduction (valorization) of the traditional status of social sciences in the beginning of the 21st century, with specific references to commercial conditions. Compensation and reproduction is discussed as a study of universities experience in the period of numerous changes. Particularly the economic and cultural determinants of selected problems and the direction of the transformation which is still in the course in the Polish democratic and the normative order in the post-totalitarian society is criticized not only by the author, but also university professors, lectures and students. However, in the end of paper, the author shows optimism connected with the reproduction of the expected reforms in higher education in Poland and in the post-industrial world. ItemOgraniczone przestrzenie i próby ich poszerzania u uczniów o specjalnych potrzebach edukacyjnych. Włączanie w aktywność społeczną nieletnich przejawiających problemy adaptacyjne(Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM, 2017) Dąbrowska, Anna; Marek-Banach, JoannaThe problem of the educational needs of students in educational and rehabilitation institutions and the relationship between social maladjustment and school failures is an important theoretical and practical issue. For a long time, the Polish system of education of children and youth has been subjected to criticism. It has been claimed that the curriculum is intended for talented individuals, who usually receive additional support, for example in the form of participation in extracurricular activities or support offered directly from their parents. The maladjusted students in educational and rehabilitation institutions are far worse off. Their school failures, learning difficulties,as well as behavior at variance with acceptable social norms, lack of parents’ interest, upbringing in pathological or dysfunctional family or even conflictwith the law are the accumulation of specificfactors and needs to be met. The professional way of working with this type of youth therefore requires comprehensive studies, which on the one hand offset educational deficitsand on the other hand focus on rehabilitation interactions. The anticipated effect of this kind of holistic approach is the active social participation of a juvenile following a change in behavior (refraining from deviant behavior) and an explicit willingness to develop a specific competence aiming at life stabilization ItemPojmowanie emocji i znaczenie działań muzycznych w ich rozwijaniu u dziecka w młodszym wieku szkolnym(Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM, 2017) Kłysz-Sokalska, NataliaEmotional education in Poland is superficial,accidental and at times intuitive. Lack of emotional education classes and the governments’ low support of teachers have a negative effect on the treatment of emotional education as important in the development of a child in an early school age. Teachers, by trial and error, try to solve problems on the basis of their effect rather than cause, which often lies in the student’s emotions. Separating emotions from “rational” thinking is a pedagogical mistake. An adult’s awareness of the cognitive nature of emotion can affect not only the leveling up of emotional disorders, but also has impact on the child’s overall cognitive development. By using the most natural activities of music and movement, the student develops his emotionality with the verbalization of emotional experience. Awareness of the emotions experiences as well as their correct naming is the key to the success of emotional education for students. ItemPostfutbolowa pedagogika i jej aplikacje w analizie edukacyjnych zjawisk(Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM, 2017) Śliwerski, BogusławFor the author of the text, football is not only a reference to the most recent publications in education sociology and cultural anthropology on this sport in the lives of postmodern societies, but also a metaphor for an analysis of selected issues of the educational policy and higher educations in Poland.