Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/10593/10028
Title: BETWEEN THE COMMUNITY AND THE TEXT (FRENCH PHILOSOPHY, POLITICS, AND THE FIGURE OF THE INTELLECTUAL — FROM SARTRE TO FOUCAULT)
Authors: Kwiek, Marek
Keywords: community
text
communitarians
textualists
French philosophy
postmodern philosophy
postwar philosophy
Nietzscheanism
French Nietzscheans
Michel Foucault
Roland Barthes
Jacques Derrida
Jean-Paul Sartre
Richard Rorty
Milan Kundera
care of the self
aesthetics of existence
ethics as aesthetics
G.H. F. Hegel
Phenomenolgy of MInds
Alexandre Kojeve
French Hegelianism
Gilles Deleuze
Pierre Klossowski
philosophy and politics
philosophy as politics
Martin Heidegger
Heidegger affair
Paul de Man affair
textualism
intellectuals
French intellectuals
legislators and interpreters
Zygmunt Bauman
engagement
political engagement
master thinker
authors and writers
Issue Date: 1998
Citation: TRAMES, 1998, 2(52/47), 2, 165-185
Abstract: What I am trying to do in the present text is to draw a sketch of postwar French philosophy from the perspective of the question of relations between philosophy and politics. I am showing a distinction between the community and the text that is present in this philosophy from Sartre to Barthes to Foucault and beyond. The general passage from the community-oriented philosophy (which I call "Hegelian") to the text-oriented philosophy (which I call "Nietzschean") took place in the sixties, following the books by Georges Bataille, Gilles Deleuze, and Pierre Klossowski on Nietzsche. I am discussing the formulation of this opposition by Jean-Paul Sartre ("the aesthete"/"the engaged writer"), its reversal suggested by Roland Barthes ("authors"/"writers") and, finally, an attempt made by Michel Foucault to go beyond the very oppositions pertaining to "writing" as such in his dichotomy of "universal intellectuals"/"specific intellectuals". The passage from the French Hegel to the French Nietzsche as a "master thinker" in French philosphy was also a manifest passage from the community to the text as a main focus of philosophical interest, and the discussion of relations between philosophy and politics is at the same time that of the role, place, tasks and obligations of the philosopher in culture. The detour to these discussions is made in order to stress the continuity of the text/community (or Hegelian/Nietzschean) opposition in current debates on postmodernity and to ask about relations between philosophy and politics today.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10593/10028
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