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dc.contributor.authorKwiek, Marek-
dc.identifier.citationPavel Zgaga, Ulrich Teichler, Hans G. Schuetze and Andrä Wolter, eds., Higher Education Reform: Looking Back – Looking Forwards. Frankfurt and New York: Peter Lang, 2015.pl_PL
dc.description.abstractThis chapter is focused on the links between reform agendas and their rationales in higher education and in welfare state services across Europe. Lessons learnt from past and ongoing, as well as recently accelerating welfare state reforms following the fiscal crisis, can be useful in understanding ongoing and future higher education reforms. Research on reforming European welfare states is a missing context in research on reforming European universities. We intend to fill this gap and briefly explore possible links between these two largely isolated policy and research areas. European universities and European welfare states are closely linked today because they are heavily dependent on public funding – and the competition for public funding between the different claimants to it is on the rise. Reforms of both sectors are also closely linked to increasing intergenerational conflicts over public resources in aging societies, and pressures on both sectors are linked to the shrinking tax base, the power of the neoliberal ideology, and changing social attitudes to both welfare and universities. Problems of both sectors (which are high-spenders in terms of public funding) and solutions to them are increasingly being defined at a global level through transnational reform discourses. The indirect impact of aging societies on all public sector services will lead, it is argued, to growing pressures on all public expenditures and to the increased competition for all public funding. A new context of university reforms in Europe is therefore welfare state reforms. Thinking about university reforms in isolation from ongoing public sector reforms, from the ongoing fierce competition for public funding caused by the aging of European societies, and from future intergenerational conflicts over public resources, is potentially harmful to the university sector. The myth of exceptionalism of higher education among other public sector institutions and of its immunity from global public-sector reform trends increases the chances that higher education will be reformed mostly from the outside rather than mostly from the inside. We believe that it is important for the academic community to understand reforms in the higher education sector – and their rationales – in a wider social, political and economic context, so that the academic community can steer the changes rather than drift with them. Without such wider understanding of changing social realities, the sector may be more vulnerable to externally-driven instrumental reforms.pl_PL
dc.subjectwelfare statepl_PL
dc.subjectreforming welfare statepl_PL
dc.subjectreforming higher educationpl_PL
dc.subjectEuropean universitiespl_PL
dc.subjectglobal agendaspl_PL
dc.subjectaging societiespl_PL
dc.subjectintergenerational conflictspl_PL
dc.subjectpublic fundingpl_PL
dc.subjectwelfare attitudespl_PL
dc.subjectuniversity attitudespl_PL
dc.subjectglobalization and higher educationpl_PL
dc.subjectglobalization and the statepl_PL
dc.subjectglobalization and welfarepl_PL
dc.subjectfinancial pressurespl_PL
dc.subjectideological pressurespl_PL
dc.titleReforming European Universities: The Welfare State as a Missing Contextpl_PL
dc.typeRozdział z książkipl_PL
Appears in Collections:Książki/rozdziały (WNS)

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