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Title: O filozofii Emmanuela Lévinasa u schyłku życia
Authors: Barszczak, Stanisław
Keywords: Transcendence,
First philosophy
Issue Date: 2010
Publisher: Wydawnictwo Naukowe Instytutu Filozofii UAM
Citation: Lingua ac Communitas, 2010, vol. 20, s. 85-120
Abstract: Emmanuel Lévinas’ central thesis was that ethics is first philosophy. His work has had a profound impact on a number of fields outside philosophy, such as theology, Jewish studies, literature and cultural theory, and political theory. His thinking is an interpretive, phenomenological description of the repetition of the face-to-face encounter, the intersubjective relation at its precognitive core, being called by another and responding to that other. In a phenomenology it is a taking into account the experience related to free human action. Our goal is to take what is irreducible in man, that may be developed thanks to the free acts of individuals. Lévinas’ assertion of the transcendence of the face should be understood as the most telling point of departure to a respect and human responsibility. This struggle for esteem occurs in the context of different spheres of life: at work, the struggle to prevail, to protect one's rank in the hierarchy of authority; at home, relations of neighborhood and proximity. Basically, the author describes Lévinas' book titled: God, death and time. The article has four sub-sections: the transition from ontology to the thinking of transcendence, ethics and religion, the philosophy of dialogue, another and the metaphysics of Good. Since attempts to overcome the fundamental ontology, outlining the same time as the concept of an identity with the Other, the author proceeds to present Lévinas’ reflection on the face, which 'says' no transcendence, but contact with my neighbor, immanence. Specific is Lévinas’ ethics, reflected in the final a reflection of God who is "transcendent until his absence". Personal responsibility of man to man consists in the fact that God cannot cancel it. The God who hides his face and left his fair justice without a victory – this distant God – 'comes from the inside'. So what could be more imminent than Good to be entrusted. Contemporary Philosophy extents also personal skills which can be recognized by others. The question thus arises as to whether social ties refer only to struggle for recognition, or it is also a kind of goodwill based on a specific affinity for one person to another in the great human family.
ISSN: 1230-3143
Appears in Collections:Lingua ac Communitas, 2010, Volumin 20

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