Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10593/25199
Title: Moral Competence and Moral Orientation in Robots
Authors: Schmiljun, Andrè
Keywords: moral competence
moral orientation
Georg Lind
robot ethics
Dual Aspect Dual Layer Theory of Moral Self
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: Wydział Filozoficzny UAM
Citation: Ethics in Progress. Vol. 10 (2019). No. 2, pp. 98-111.
Abstract: Two major strategies (the top-down and bottom-up strategies) are currently discussed in robot ethics for moral integration. I will argue that both strategies are not sufficient. Instead, I agree with Bertram F. Malle and Matthias Scheutz that robots need to be equipped with moral competence if we don’t want them to be a potential risk in society, causing harm, social problems or conflicts. However, I claim that we should not define moral competence merely as a result of different “elements” or “components” we can randomly change. My suggestion is to follow Georg Lind’s dual aspect dual layer theory of moral self that provides a broader perspective and another vocabulary for the discussion in robot ethics. According to Lind, moral competence is only one aspect of moral behavior that we cannot separate from its second aspect: moral orientation. As a result, the thesis of this paper is that integrating morality into robots has to include moral orientation and moral competence.
Sponsorship: MNiSW grant 261/ WCN/2019/1 “Wsparcie dla Czasopism Naukowych”
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10593/25199
DOI: 10.14746/eip.2019.2.9
ISSN: 2084-9257
Appears in Collections:Ethics in Progress, Volume 10 (2019), Issue 2

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Moral Competence and Moral Orientation in Robots Andrè Schmiljun.pdfTwo major strategies (the top-down and bottom-up strategies) are currently discussed in robot ethics for moral integration. I will argue that both strategies are not sufficient. Instead, I agree with Bertram F. Malle and Matthias Scheutz that robots need to be equipped with moral competence if we don’t want them to be a potential risk in society, causing harm, social problems or conflicts. However, I claim that we should not define moral competence merely as a result of different “elements” or “components” we can randomly change. My suggestion is to follow Georg Lind’s dual aspect dual layer theory of moral self that provides a broader perspective and another vocabulary for the discussion in robot ethics. According to Lind, moral competence is only one aspect of moral behavior that we cannot separate from its second aspect: moral orientation. As a result, the thesis of this paper is that integrating morality into robots has to include moral orientation and moral competence.369.66 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
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