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Title: Efficiency of executive functions and literacy among children with specific language impairment
Authors: Kaczmarek, Izabela
Jabłoński, Sławomir
Kleka, Paweł
Steinborn, Barbara
Keywords: executive functions
inhibitory control
cognitive flexibility
specific language impairment
sorting task
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Sciendo
Citation: Psychology of Language and Communication, 22, 1, 307-327.
Abstract: Recently, extensive studies investigating executive functions in children with specific language impairment (SLI) have been performed. In the present study, we compared the level of executive functions (i.e., inhibitory control and cognitive flexibility) and literacy skills between 53 healthy children and 53 children with SLIs between the ages of 3 and 11 years. The groups were matched by age, gender and parental education level. Executive functions were assessed using the Children Card Sort, and the Literacy Assessment Battery was applied to measure literacy skills. The patients with SLI displayed a significantly lower level of cognitive flexibility than that of the healthy children. No significant differences were observed between the groups in inhibitory control and the majority of literacy skills. The results confirm the hypothesis that patients with SLI experience difficulties in cognitive flexibility.
Sponsorship: Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education, under grant no. NN106 047839 en-titled: Construction of tools for psychological assessment of learning readiness of children between the age of 3 and 11.
DOI: 10.2478/plc-2018-0014
Appears in Collections:Artykuły naukowe (WNS)

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