Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/10593/10037
Title: European Universities and Educational and Occupational Intergenerational Social Mobility
Authors: Kwiek, Marek
Keywords: social mobility
educational mobility
occupational mobility
social ladder
upward mobility
EU-SILC
Survey on Income and Living Conditions
Poland
European Union
higher education
social congestion
wage premium
European universities
educational expansion
capabilities approach
human capital
higher education research
European social policies
widening access
equitable access
equity
university graduates
social inequality
inequality reduction
labor market
labor market trajectories
inheriting education
inheriting occupations
social transmission
inheriting educational credentials
lower socioeconomic classes
risk ratios
chances
middle classes
young Europeans
European youth
Amartya Sen
education for all
graduate labor market
positional goods
European datasets
big data
Issue Date: 2015
Citation: In: Hans-Uwe Otto (ed.), “Making capabilities work – vulnerable young people in Europe and the issue of full citizenship”, Dordrecht: Springer, 2015, pp. 87-111.
Abstract: European higher education systems in the last few decades have been in a period of intensive quantitative expansion. Both participation rates and student numbers in most European countries are still growing – but are the chances of young people from lower socioeconomic classes to enter universities higher than before? Under massification conditions, are the chances of young people from poorer backgrounds actually increasing, relative to increasing chances of young people from higher socioeconomic classes and wealthier backgrounds? Are both overall social mobility and relative social mobility of under-represented classes increasing at the same rate? That is a question about changing social mobility relative to the share of particular socioeconomic classes in the population as a whole. Social mobility in increasingly knowledge-driven economies is powerfully linked to equitable access to higher education. And the question of inequality in access to higher education is usually asked today in the context of educational expansion. Educational expansion, in most general terms, and in the majority of European countries studied, seems to be reducing inequality of access. There are ever more students with lower socioeconomic backgrounds, and ever more graduates whose parents had only primary education credentials. The chances of the latter to enter higher education are increasing across Europe but are still very low. The intergenerational patterns of transmission of education are still very rigid across all European systems: the offspring of the low-educated is predominantly low-educated; the offspring of the highly educated is predominantly highly educated. Structurally similar patterns can be shown for occupations: the offspring of those in the best occupations predominantly take best occupations, and the offspring of those in the worst occupations predominantly take the worst occupations, across all European countries (“best” being structurally similar and linked to both middle-class earnings and lifestyles in Europe. Equitable access to higher education is linked in this chapter empirically to the social background of students, viewed from two parallel perspectives: educational background of parents and occupational background of parents, and studied through the large-scale EU-SILC (European Union Survey on Income and Living Conditions) dataset.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10593/10037
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