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Title: Zróżnicowanie kości penalnej os penis u ssaków - filogeneza i ekologia
Other Titles: Variability of the mammalian os penis – phylogenesis and ecology
Authors: Krawczyk, Agata J.
Malecha, Anna W.
Issue Date: 2009
Publisher: Polskie Towarzystwo Przyrodników im. Kopernika
Citation: Kosmos: Problemy Nauk Biologicznych, Polskie Towarzystwo Przyrodników im. Kopernika. Tom 58, Numer 1-2 (282-283), 2009, s. 179-185.
Abstract: The penis bone (also called as baculum or os penis) is a heterotopic bone occurring in such orders like: carnivores, bats, insectivores, rodents and some primates. Baculum is extremely morphologically diverse both in shape and size, even between closely related species. Hence it has been widely used as a systematic tool. Consequently, os penis serves different functions across the species: e.g. stimulation of reproductive track, mechanical support, protection of the urethra from compression. Some analysis suggest also, that hooked tip of the penis bone can be used to damage and remove sperm which comes from the previous male. It can be also used as an indicator of genetic quality in males because it continues growth throughout life. Numerous researches into baculum provide some information about animal evolution, sexual selection and reproductive strategies in the different groups of animal. However, our knowledge about evolution, significance and environmental influence on the os penis seems to be incomplete and needs to be further studied.
ISSN: 00023-4249
Appears in Collections:Artykuły naukowe (WB)

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