Molecular structure, hydrogen bonding and spectroscopic properties of the complex of piperidine-4-carboxylic acid with chloroacetic acid
Complex of piperidine-4-carboxylic acid with chloroacetic acid has been studied by X-ray diffraction, FTIR, Raman, H-1 and C-13 NMR spectroscopy and B3LYP/6-31G(d,p) calculations. In crystal the piperidine ring is protonated and adopts a chair conformation with the COOH group in the equatorial position. The COO- group of chloroacetate unit is engaged in three hydrogen bonds: O(1)-H(1)center dot center dot center dot O(3) of 2.604(2) angstrom, N(1)-H(12)center dot center dot center dot O(3) of 2.753(2) angstrom and N(1)-H(11)center dot center dot center dot O(4) of 2.760(2) angstrom. According to the B3LYP calculations the isolated complexes both in vacuum and H2O solution have cyclic structures. In vacuum the molecules are connected by two H-bonds: the COOH group of chloroacetic acid is engaged with piperidine-4-carboxylic acid, one with the nitrogen atom, O(4)-H center dot center dot center dot N(1) of 2.658 angstrom and the second with carboxyl group, O(1)-H center dot center dot center dot O(3) of 2.860 angstrom. In water solution piperidine-4-carboxylic acid is protonated and forms two hydrogen bonds with the chloroacetate unit: N(1)-H center dot center dot center dot O(4) of 2.690 angstrom and O(1)-H center dot center dot center dot O(3) of 2.611 angstrom. Powder FTIR spectra of the complex and its deuterated analogue are consistent with the X-ray structure. Correlations between the experimental H-1 and C-13 chemical shifts of the complex investigated and the GIAO/B3LYP/6-31G(d,p) calculated magnetic isotropic shielding tensors (sigma(calc)) in vacuum and within the conductor-like screening continuum solvation model (COSMO) in H2O, delta(exp) = a + b sigma(calc), are reported.
Piperidine-4-carboxylic acid, Chloroacetic acid, Hydrogen bonds, X-ray diffraction, DFT calculations, FTIR, Raman and NMR spectra
Journal of Molecular Structure 889 (2008) 112–118