Sankcje antydumpingowe Wspólnot Europejskich

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Wydział Prawa i Administracji UAM

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Antidumping sanctions of European Communities


During the period of structural changes in world economy, which increased in the 1970s and 1980s, with accompanying growth of trade protectionism, European Communities have more often than before reverted to antidumping procedures in trade protection. During that period a number of antidumping proceedings against Eastern European countries grew significantly. Antidumping regulations of European Communities, being in agreement with GATT rules (Antidumping Code, and Subsidies and Compensatory Customs Duties Code of 1979) are a very strong instrument of trade protectionism. Antidumping customs and price obligations are applied in order to protect the market against déstabilisation. When actions against subsidies increase, almost always antidumping proceedings are applied. Poland, Hungary and Czechoslovakia, until they signed the association treaties with the European Communities, had been regarded by the Communities as the countries with centrally controlled economies. After the said treaties were signed, the European Communities have amended their antidumping regulations with respect to those countries. Since the date of the coming into force of the association treaties, these three countries have been treated as market economy countries. They have been obhgated to export their good for prices not lower than domestic prices. It allows to raise a few questions concerning mutual economic relations. Aform of protection against the increase of antidumping proceedings against Central-Eastern European countries may be the protection clauses. The application of such clauses may prove useful especially in the case of steel industry of the three countries. However, this could lead to the conflict of interests with the steel industry of the European Communities, which industry is "sensitive'' to external impulses.



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Ruch Prawniczy, Ekonomiczny i Socjologiczny, 54, 1992, z. 3, s. 75-88






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Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu
Biblioteka Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu
Ministerstwo Nauki i Szkolnictwa Wyższego