Interes przedsiębiorstwa państwowego a interes ogólnospołeczny (zarys problemu)
Wydział Prawa i Administracji UAM
State enterprise interest and social interest
In the first part of his article the author stresses that the existence of separate interests of state enterprises has for long been underestimated or even neglected both in. practice and in theory. The economic reform of 1981 was first to regard the interest of a state enterprise as a real and desirable phenomenon. The author shares the view that the external form of expression of economic interests of a state enterprise is profit. The economic interest of an enterprise is at the same time a legal category and is the object of both civil law and administrative law protection. In the second part, the author deals with controversial concept of social interest. The author rejects the view that the above concept is materially non-definiabie. He is of the opinion that „social interest" is the expression of the aggregate of needs of the society conceived as a whole and indues values and social advantages reflected in the socio-economic policy of the State, especially in socio- -economic plans of development of the country. In the system of economic interests of a socialist economy, the social interest is of supreme character. Its implementation, representation and protection is vested in central organs of State authority and administration. In the third part, the author indicates — contrary to the opinion often expressed by managerial circles — that the duty of realizing the social interest is vested also in the management and crew of an enterprise. A social aim of a state enterprise, a basic organizational unit of the national economy, is to satisfy a certain fraction of social needs. The duty of an enterprise to take into account the requirements of the social interest finds a sound political, normative and ethical justification. In the last part of his article the author presents a formerly neglected (i.e. in the period of directival and distributive management of the economy) problem of conflicts and contradictions of interests in a socialist economy. He also comments on the need to integrate group interests with the social interest by means of economic, legal and sociological tools. The author indicates that the problem of adequate integration and coordination of different interests has been and still is counted among the most difficult problems to solve in a socialist economy.
Digitalizacja i deponowanie archiwalnych zeszytów RPEiS sfinansowane przez MNiSW w ramach realizacji umowy nr 541/P-DUN/2016
Ruch Prawniczy, Ekonomiczny i Socjologiczny 51, 1989, z. 2, s. 31-49.