Zjawisko współliniowości w statystycznych badaniach przyczynowo-skutkowych procesów ekonomicznych

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Wydział Prawa i Administracji UAM

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Collinearity Phenomenon in Statistical Cause-Effect Studies of Economic Processes


The elaboration is devoted to the problems of variables collinearity and its repercussions for a study process of cause-effect conditions of socio-economic phenomena. The study is carried out with the use of statistical methods of interdependence analysis. It appears that collinearity is a crucial obstacle for correct estimation of mutual relations between economic variables. The solution of that problem needs several measures. Their synthesis has been accomplished in the paper. There have been discussed the following problems: 1) measurement of collinearity (Glauber-Farrar test), 2) range of collinearity on a set of explanatory variables (F-test, t-test), 3) search for ways of reduction adverse effects of collinearity. In the second part of the paper has been presented one of the methods of reducing collinearity i.e. the ridge regression method. That method is generally founded on such basis that it is better to use biassed estimators but with variance smaller than variance of those estimators obtained with the help of the CLSM. The method has been implemented for an analysis of a real statistical date. The figures regarded costs and their determinants in state-owned foodstuffs retail trading enterprises. The study confirmed large utility of the ridge regression method in a process of identification of cost-creating factors, but considering narrow scope of its hitherto applications further verification studies are indispensable.



Digitalizacja i deponowanie archiwalnych zeszytów RPEiS sfinansowane przez MNiSW w ramach realizacji umowy nr 541/P-DUN/2016



Ruch Prawniczy, Ekonomiczny i Socjologiczny 44, 1982, z. 2, s. 135-145



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Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu
Biblioteka Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu
Ministerstwo Nauki i Szkolnictwa Wyższego