Miejsce Wyspiańskiego w estetyce polskiego modernizmu

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Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM

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The place of Wyspiański in the aesthetics of Polish modernism


The aim of this article is to try to establish the place of Stanisław Wyspiański in the landscape of early Polish modernism. The methodological foundation is the anthropological aesthetics of literature. Analysis of the literary and plastic work as well as of the artist's remarks and observations dispersed in his letters and essays is the material for the construction of Wyspiański's conception of art. The starting point is the artist's existential experience, which assumes the form of atopy, experiencing of strangeness of that which is close. This experience becomes the subject of a literary transposition which is visible in many dramas: Wesele, Sędziowie, Wyzwolenie, Noc Listopadowa. Its analogon is a dual aesthetic attitude which the artist assumes: an attitude of participation and an attitude of separation funding art which is based on panaestheticism or breaking of communication. In historical perspective the principle of artistic totality ("a play with fulness") and a tendency to degradation ("a play with emptiness") may be interpreted as a case of suspension between aesthetics of the 19th century and of the 20th century. Looking from the Polish angle, I propose to place Wyspiański in close vicinity of Stanisław Witkiewicz and Stanisław Ignacy Witkiewicz together with whom he would be creating a significant line of evolution of Polish modernity.





Przestrzenie Teorii, nr 9, 2008, s. 9-17.




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Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu
Biblioteka Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu
Ministerstwo Nauki i Szkolnictwa Wyższego