Polityka ludnościowa Chin modelem dla trzeciego świata?

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Wydział Prawa i Administracji UAM

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Population Policy of China: A Model for the Third World?


Chinese experience in a struggle with an excessive increase of the population is discussed in the article. Among Asiatic countries that have significant achievements in reducing the birth-rate a significant place is occupied by the Chinese People's Republic. The success was scored by China unaided owing to the society's discipline. Three basic stages are distinguished by the author of actions against excessive increase of the Chinese population: the years 1949 - 1954, 1955 - 1966 and since 1966. In the first stage the traditional valuation system, considerably a feudal system, in which a place was for a great family with a strong man's domination was destroyed. A democratic system of marriage contracts was announced with a free partner's choice, monogamy and legal protection of mother and child. In the second stage the period 1962 --1966 of strong anti-natalic compaign stood out especially by propagation of late marriage contracts. The period was interrupted by the 'cultural revolution'. The third period distinguishes itself with a planned and institutional approach to the action of restriction of increase of thé population. The Chinese system of struggle with an excessive increase of the population cannot rather be used in other countries of the Third World. It is too much connected with typical Chinese conditions, with Chinese discipline and — politically — with Chinese way of communism. According to the author developing countries can, however, fully study the Chinese case to see how the comprehensive approach leads to the end.



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Ruch Prawniczy, Ekonomiczny i Socjologiczny 43, 1981, z. 4, s. 233-241



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Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu
Biblioteka Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu
Ministerstwo Nauki i Szkolnictwa Wyższego