- ItemPiotr Chmielowski o Wiktorze Gomulickim – na podstawie kolejnych wydań "Zarysu literatury polskiej" i innych wypowiedzi krytyka(2012) Zajkowska, JoannaThe article presents a catalogue of commentaries and critical remarks made by Piotr Chmielowski on the poetry of Wiktor Gomulicki (penname Fantazy). The article attempts to reconstruct the set of criteria and the system for evaluation applied by the critic in dealing with the successive collections of poems written by Fantazy. These criteria are indicative of rather one-sided and petrified perception of Gomulicki’s poems by the critic maintained and expressed in the successive editions of his "Zarys literatury polskiej z ostatnich lat szesnastu". Still, the commentaries given by Chmielowski contain some interesting precognitions and intuitions that proved to be substantial in reevaluation of the opinions on the poetry of the nineteenth century in general made by present-day literary critics. Additionally, there seems to be a particular dialogue between the critic and the poet going on for years that could have influenced the alternations in the workshop and the thematic scope in the poems of the latter.
- Item"Pieśni nabożne…" z krakowskiej oficyny Antoniego Wosińskiego (1627)(2012) Wydra, WiesławThe article analyses the unique copy of the old Polish catholic hymn book "Pieśni nabożne na święta uroczyste według porządku Kościoła ś. katolickiego na cały rok z wielką pilnością zebrane" [Songs of piety and devotion...] published in Cracow in 1627 and found at the library at Escorial in Spain. The book, apparently the first known printed Polish catholic extensive hymn book, contained over 140 songs, in Polish and Latin, including works written by Jan Kochanowski and Mikołaj Rej. The article also describes later editions of the hymn book. This is a particularly important book in the history of Polish culture because it was repeatedly republished in different printing offices, not only Catholic, under the same or slightly changed title as late as until the nineteenth century. Numerous editions of the hymn book constitute a valuable source for the study of Polish Catholic hymns as they make it possible to follow and trace the chronology of works, their textual variations and the popularity of particular songs or hymns within a particular time frame, as well as their range of influence and regional occurrence.
- ItemZnikający punkt zwrotny. Piotra Chmielowskiego kłopoty z periodyzacją „najnowszej literatury polskiej”(2012) Wedemann, MarekMakeshift solutions are, more often than not, the ones that tend to last longer than expected. "Zarys literatury polskiej z ostatnich lat szesnastu" [An outline of the literature of the last sixteen years] written by Piotr Chmielowski was designed in the author’s intention as a sketch of “rather journalistic than historical features”. The above is clearly indicated by the forewords written by the author to its successive four editions published between 1881 and 1898. Still, despite its lack of pretentions, the book acquired with time the status of a fully-fledged instructive approach to Polish literature of the Positivist period. A closer look at the text with regard to the proposed periodization reveals, however, a number of flaws and aporias committed by Chmielowski, particularly in establishing boundary dates of the proposed literary period. The present article attempts to prove that the source for the inaccuracies and inconsistencies of the solutions proposed in "Zarys" is not so much in their makeshift or the pro tem nature, but rather in the aggressively promoted ideology, represented by Chmielowski, that completely disregarded the nature of literary phenomena.
- Item„Czasy ginącego piękna”. Pozytywistycznej historii literatury kłopoty z barokiem(2012) Szewczyk-Haake, KatarzynaThe article deals with the ways in which Baroque works and their authors were presented in the positivist history of literature. The source material for the analysis was provided by the texts written by Piotr Chmielowski, Stanisław Tarnowski, Adam Bełcikowski, Henryk Sienkiewicz and Felicjan Faleński. The article discusses the sources for a rather distinct dislike of the literary output of Baroque authors in general, which was in line with the then well-established opinions deeply rooted in European research, but also derived from a valuation based on national and patriotic criteria. A certain differentiation in research methods is also indicated, mostly of those stemming from the spirit of Taine, but, occasionally, approaching Baroque works with the help of a stylistic analysis and thus making it possible to show more appreciation to the literature created in the period that, as understood from the positivist perspective, was believed to be of inferior quality.
- ItemCzytając "Elegie" Rainera Marii Rilkego(2012) Surowska, Barbara L.The article discusses the book "Rycerz i śmierć" written by Katarzyna Kuczyńska-Koschany. The book includes essays on Reiner Maria Rilke’s "Duino Elegies" published earlier that have been revised and updated. The poem cycle called the "Duino Elegies" is composed of ten separate poems written in 1912, 1913, 1915 and 1922, i.e. at the peak period of the poet’s imagination and mental activity. The reviewer provides a detailed analysis of the first four chapters of the book in which three elegies written before the outbreak of the first war, and the fourth that originated when the war was raging on, are presented. The reviewer appreciates the author’s careful preparation for the book and the ambitious agenda of the author to describe in a synthetic form, for the first time in Poland, the whole cycle of Rilke’s elegies with their Polish translations along with their quality evaluation and comparison taken into consideration, as well as some presentations of German interpretations from prominent specialists in the life and the literary output of Rilke. However, the reviewer is not ready to buy all of the author’s claims and points at numerous, perhaps too numerous, errors, distortions in facts and erroneous reading of the original texts written in German, which, to a high degree, lowers the perceived quality of the discussed book.