Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/10593/10351
Title: The Future of the Welfare State and Democracy: the Effects of Globalization from a European Perspective
Authors: Kwiek, Marek
Keywords: globalization
welfare state
nation-state
national state
social contract
democracy
threats to democracy
closed economies
modern state
modern nations
Juergen Habermas
postnational constellation
open economies
social bonds
capitalism
Ulrich Beck
risk society
Risikogessellschaft
Risikogesellschaft. Auf dem Weg in eine andere Moderne
postnational
first modernity
second modernity
brave new world of work
what is globalization?
denationalization
recommodification
desocialization
globalization and the welfare state
globalization and the nation-state
globalization and the state
The Postnational Constellation. Political Essays.
transnational economy
postwar welfare state
public sector services
The University and the State. A Study into Global Transformations
Keynesianism
Keynesian welfare state
austerity
retrenchment
Central Europe
Issue Date: 2007
Citation: Published in: E. Czerwinska-Schupp (ed.). Values and Norms in the Age of Globalization. Frankfurt and New York: Peter Lang. 2007. pp. 147-172.
Abstract: The post-war Keynesian welfare state in Europe was sustainable as long as post-war European economies were growing and were relatively closed; however, over the years, as entitlements grew ever bigger and coverage became ever more universal, the proportion of GDP spent on public services rose considerably. With economies becoming more open, the stagnation which started in the second half of the seventies in Europe, following the oil crisis, was perhaps the first symptom that the welfare system in the form designed for one period (the post-war reconstruction of Europe) might be not be working in a different period. There is no major disagreement, broadly speaking, about the future of the welfare state in its current European postwar form: its foundations, for a variety of internal and external reasons and due to a variety of international and domestic pressures, are under siege today. Major differences are based on different explanations about what has been happening to the European welfare state since the mid-1970s until now, about different variations of restructuring in different European countries, and different degrees of emphasis concerning the scope of welfare state downsizing in particular countries in the future. The question debated today is not whether welfare retrenchment has come to be seen as necessary by the governments of most affluent Western democracies, international organizations, global organizations and development agencies, and the European Commission; it is rather why.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10593/10351
Appears in Collections:Artykuły naukowe (WNS)

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