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dc.contributor.authorKwiek, Marek-
dc.identifier.citationHigher Education Reforms: Looking Back – Looking Forward, Ljubljana: CEPS 2013 , pp. 147-157.pl_PL
dc.description.abstractWe are discussing here links between reform agendas and their rationales in higher education and in the welfare state. Lessons learnt from welfare state reforms can be useful in understanding higher education reforms, and we see the links between the two under-­‐researched. Assuming that higher education services have traditionally been state-­‐funded welfare state services in postwar Continental Europe, welfare state reforms debates as a background to higher education reforms debates are a significant missing link. We intend to fill this gap and explore possible links between the two largely isolated policy and research areas. Permanent processes of reforming universities in the last two or three decades do not lead to their complete reform. They rather lead to further, ever deeper, reforms across Europe. As Jürgen Enders and colleagues put it recently, “nowhere today is higher education undergoing more substantial change than in Europe”. The whole idea of the welfare state is under renegotiations, and the conditions for access to, and eligibility, for various tax-­‐based public services are under discussions. It is increasingly related to possible individual contributions (co-­‐funding and private policies in healthcare, multi-­‐pillar schemes in pensions, and cost-­‐sharing in higher education). Transforming governments have been following in the last two decades the rules of a zero-­‐sum game: higher expenditures in one sector of public services or public programs (pensions or higher education) occurred at the expense of expenditures in other sectors of public services (healthcare), programs or public infrastructure (roads, railroads, law and order etc.). The financial dimension of changes in both welfare state and higher education seems crucial, especially that costs generated by all welfare state components and each of them separately cannot be easily reduced.pl_PL
dc.subjecthigher education reformspl_PL
dc.subjectuniversity reformspl_PL
dc.subjectwelfare statepl_PL
dc.subjectwelfare state reformspl_PL
dc.subjectpublic sectorpl_PL
dc.subjectEuropean universitiespl_PL
dc.subjectEuropean welfare statespl_PL
dc.subjectdrivers of changepl_PL
dc.subjectinstitutional changepl_PL
dc.subjectpublic servicespl_PL
dc.subjectmarket forcespl_PL
dc.subjectpostnational constellationpl_PL
dc.subjectrisk societypl_PL
dc.subjectcomparative higher educationpl_PL
dc.subjectcomparative welfare statepl_PL
dc.subjectcomparative researchpl_PL
dc.subjectCentral Europepl_PL
dc.subjectgovernance modelspl_PL
dc.subjectwelfare state modelspl_PL
dc.subjectwelfare typologypl_PL
dc.subjectnon-core no-statepl_PL
dc.subjectexternal revenuespl_PL
dc.subjectpension systemspl_PL
dc.subjectEuropean welfare modelpl_PL
dc.subjectEuropean social modelpl_PL
dc.subjectwelfare restructuringpl_PL
dc.subjecteconomic pressurespl_PL
dc.subjecteconomic crisispl_PL
dc.subjectpublic servicespl_PL
dc.titleReforming European Universities and Reforming European Welfare States: Parallel Drivers of Change?pl_PL
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