Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/10593/11741
Title: Wybory językowe a złożona tożsamość – na przykładzie Żydów z dziewiętnastowiecznego Wrocławia
Other Titles: MAME-LOSHN OR MUTTERSPRACHE? LANGUAGE CHOICES AND THE COMPLEX IDENTITY. THE EXAMPLE OF JEWS IN 19th-CENTURY BRESLAU
Authors: Rybińska, Agata
Keywords: Breslau
German Jews
Ostjuden
languages
Yiddish
German
mame-loshn
Muttersprache
identity
multilingualism
education
gravestones
Issue Date: Jun-2014
Publisher: Poznańskie Towarzystwo Przyjaciół Nauk
Citation: Studia Europaea Gnesnensia, 9/2014, s. 161-173
Abstract: The purpose of this article is to illustrate the process of language change in the 19th century, taking examples from the following four areas: education, literature, liturgy and onomastic data from grave inscriptions. The analysis of school programs and reports, literature, including prayer books and grave inscriptions point to a multilingualism, partial linguistic acculturation and confirm the complex identity of Breslau Jews. In the late 18th century the maskilim had a reluctant attitude toward Yiddish as a Jewish jargon. In the 19th century Jüdischdeutsch was still used in print. The phenomenon of giving children Hebrew, Yiddish, and non-Jewish names and the multiplicity and diversity of the Yiddish given names, especially female names in the grave inscriptions bespeak the vitality of both Yiddish onomastics and the Yiddish language. All that confirms an intermediate stage in linguistic acculturation, a passage from the use of Yiddish to German. At the same time, Hebrew remained the language of the liturgy, and it was still taught in Jewish schools. However, it was German that was the first language of Breslau Jews. In fact, they were compelled to choose and oscillate between the language of religion and liturgy and the language of the country. The use of Hebrew, Yiddish, Jüdischdeutsch, and German determined the distinct (religious, linguistic) and complex cultural identity of Breslau Jews.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10593/11741
DOI: 10.14746/seg.2014.9.10
ISBN: 978-83-7654-166-2
ISSN: 2082-5951
Appears in Collections:Studia Europaea Gnesnensia, 2014/9

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