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Title: The European research elite: a cross-national study of highly productive academics in 11 countries
Authors: Kwiek, Marek
Keywords: academic profession
faculty work
faculty research productivity
highly productive academics
higher education policy
European universities
publishing productivity
Lotka's law
Alfred Lotka
Derek de Solla Price
academic stratification
research top performers
highly performing academics
publishing patterns
high publishers
low publishers
academic productivity
research productivity
research hours
teaching hours
teaching and research
predictors of productivity
correlates of productivity
high productivity
European academics
CAP survey
EUROAC survey
Changing Academic Profession
inequality in knowledge production
knowledge production
European higher education
Social stratification in science
academic inequality
top performers
skewed distribution
refression analysis
highly publishing academics
Issue Date: 2015
Citation: Higher Education, OnlineFirst: June 13, 2015
Abstract: In this paper, we focus on a rare scholarly theme of highly productive academics, statistically confirming their pivotal role in knowledge production across 11 systems studied. The upper 10 % of highly productive academics in 11 European countries studied (N = 17,211) provide on average almost half of all academic knowledge production. In contrast to dominating bibliometric studies of research productivity, we focus on academic attitudes, behaviors, and perceptions as predictors of becoming research top performers across European systems. Our paper provides a (large-scale and cross-country) corroboration of the systematic inequality in knowledge production, for the first time argued for by Lotka (J Wash Acad Sci 16:317–323, 1929) and de Solla Price (Little science, big science. Columbia University Press, New York, 1963). We corroborate the deep academic inequality in science and explore this segment of the academic profession. The European research elite is a highly homogeneous group of academics whose high research performance is driven by structurally similar factors, mostly individual rather than institutional. Highly productive academics are similar from a cross-national perspective, and they substantially differ intra-nationally from their lower-performing colleagues.
DOI: 10.1007/s10734-015-9910-x
Appears in Collections:Artykuły naukowe (WNS)

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