Użytkowanie wód w średniowieczu na przykładzie zlewni Osiecznicy

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Wydawnictwo Poznańskiego Towarzystwa Przyjaciół Nauk

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This article analyses the activities aimed at exploiting water resources for power generation and fishing. From the end of the 14th century onwards, water provided energy to water mills located in the catchment of Osiecznica. Their considerable growth in number in this area, to a total of 28, was observed at the end of the 16th century as a result of the Polish-Lithuanian Union and economic growth. The water mills had a significant influence on the formation of the hydrological system of the catchment area. Their building and functioning was connected with the formation of mill-ponds, dams, weirs and mill ditches. The river network adaptation for these purposes included: river mining, river bed cleaning and changes of water discharge. Water from lakes and springs was guided to watercourses along which several water mills were built. Water mills were built mainly on the Osiecznica, Szczanica and Dopływ z Kwilcza, the greatest rivers of this catchment mainly below outflows of lakes. In the Middle Ages fishing was undoubtedly a very important form of water use. There was a lot of water in this catchment: the Osiecznica River and its tributaries, lakes and ponds. Often near the main mill ponds, which dammed the water for the mill, a few smaller ponds were dug out where fish were bred. The combination of pond management with water energy and fish breeding created an increase in so-called small retention in the Osiecznica catchment.




Osiecznica Catchment Area, mediaeval water mills, fishing, water relations





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Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu
Biblioteka Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu
Ministerstwo Nauki i Szkolnictwa Wyższego