Knowledge and History. The Postmodern French Humanities and Deleuze's Nietzscheanism

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The general context for this essay is the following: postmodern philosophy was strongly influenced by Nietzsche, especially in his postwar French readings from Bataille to Blanchot to Deleuze to Klossowski. It was Nietzsche in these readings who provided basic contours of a new self-image of the philosopher (or the humanist, more generally): instead of (modern) thinking about changing the social and political world, philosophers now found new terrains for thought. No longer associated with History, and less and less associated with politics. From the perspective of this essay, it is interesting to think about philosophy through the lenses of the self-images philosophers (more or less consciously) assume. The transformation of the self-image of philosophers entails the gradual transformation of the role and place of philosophy in culture. For what is philosophy, in broadest terms - is what philosophers regard (regarded, or will regard) as accepted as philosophy. The passage from the Hegelian to the Nietzschean self-image in France in recent decades heralded the advent of postmodernity - if we accept the idea that what philosophers think about themselves while practicing philosophy is culturally significant.




Gilles Delezue, French Nietzscheanism, Nietzsche, Pierre Klossowski, G.W.F. Hegel, Postwar French philosophy, Alexande Kojeve, Phenomenology of the Mind, Michel Foucault, Nietzschean turn, French Hegelianism, philosopher, philosopher's self-image, intellectuals, postmodernity, postmodern culture


Master of Business Administrartion. A Journal. Wyższa Szkoła Zarządzania i Przedsiębiorczości. 2000. Warszawa. 26-32



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Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu
Biblioteka Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu
Ministerstwo Nauki i Szkolnictwa Wyższego