Postępowanie sądowe w sprawach związanych z działalnością przedsiębiorstw państwowych i ich samorządów

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Wydział Prawa i Administracji UAM

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Legal Proceedings in Actions Under the Operation of State Enterprises and Their Self-Management


The State Enterprises Act and the Act of Workers Self Management in State Enterprises, both of September 25, 1981, (the Polish Law Gazette — Dz. U. nr 24, section 122 and 123) gave rise to new types of litigations related to the economic reform. A principle of independence and of self-financing of State enterprises is evoked in this statutory regulation and the rule of self management of the enterprises is reflected in constituting bodies of the workers' self management. In order to secure administration's non-contravention of these principles under the valid legislation all disputes between the administration acting in the capability of a founding organ and bodies of an enterprise (director and worker's council) are brought before the general courts. Similarly, inside the enterprise, the issues between its director and the worker's council are resolved before the courts. The disputes between the founding organ and the bodies of the enterprise can concern appointing, recalling and suspending the manager; upholding, revoking or changing a decision of the founding organ regarding operation of the enterprise and liability of the founding organ for damage incurred in implementation of its decisions. The disputes between the director and the worker's council can concern revoking or changing a resolution of the council or a decision of the director. Having analysed a legal character of the issues the author contends that the above are all civil cases and consequently, he finds legitimacy for bringing them before civil courts. The cases are to be tried under the regulation of the Code of Civil Proceedings under the legal process. They are amenable to the material jurisdiction of the district courts and to the territorial jurisdiction of the courts of defendant's seat. A public prosecutor can participate under general rules in hearing of these new cases bringing an action or acceding to the proceedings pending the action. A capacity to be a party in a lawsuit is to be conceded to the director of the enterprise and to the worker's council on the strength of explicit provisions of the Act. In the legal proceedings the council acts via its presidium under the resolution of the whole council. The same prerequisite is also required to grant a power of attorney. Next, the author analyses a capacity to appear in court in various types of the new cases. A plaintiff is legally bound to carry through obligatory conciliatory proceedings in most of the cases. Short terms (1-2 weeks) of taking legal action are also fixed by the statute. Breaking the terms results in nonsuit although in exceptional cases, the term can be restored. It is also the case of the term ôf instituting preliminary proceedings before laying an action in court. Costs of the proceedings are incurred by the enterprise in litigations between the worker's council and the director. Therefore, there is no need of delivering cost decisions. High efficiency of the proceedings affording quick findings becomes a necessity in lawsuits concerning the enterprises. Particular regulations, however, having that end in view are not numerous. In the new cases the courts are not bound with a-statement of claim by virtue of the regulation of the section 321 of the Code of Civil Proceedings. Accordingly, the worker's council and the director are to be treated as the units of socialized economy. The court finds the new cases delivering a judgement. The State Enterprises Act introduced certain limitations of appealing against some of the legal decisions.



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Ruch Prawniczy, Ekonomiczny i Socjologiczny 44, 1982, z. 2, s. 21-41



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Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu
Biblioteka Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu
Ministerstwo Nauki i Szkolnictwa Wyższego