Człowiek i Społeczeństwo, 33/2012

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    Profesor Krystyna Zamiara (1940-2012) - metodolog,filozof nauki, kulturoznawca
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza, 2012) Grad, Jan
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    Ostatni europejski Dragon (Dragan Klaić 1950-2011)
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza, 2012) Ostrowska, Joanna
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    Konsumenci anarchii. Krytyka w warunkach niepewności
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza, 2012) Skórzyńska, Agata
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    Wokół fundamentalizmu. Zygmunt Bauman w Poznaniu
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza, 2012) Marzec, Andrzej
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    Festiwale,święta sztuki czy projekty intelektualne
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza, 2012) Ostrowska, Joanna
    The article tries to analyze the phenomenon of the growing numbers of artistic festivals with an intellectual agenda. In the author's opinion the very appearance of artistic festivals in the beginning of the 20th Century was already an intellectual project of healing war wounds through art, which later created the background for the political project of a common union of European countries. Contemporary artistic festivals are as much presentations of different kinds of art as they are intellectual projects that try to introduce various issues: urban studies, ethnical diversity or results of scientific research. Artistic festivals are analyzed here as cultural performances (in order to be presented, issues undertaken by the festivals need to be performed) that have subversive, transformative and normative power. From the viewpoint of performance studies and aesthetics of performativity, contemporary festivals crushed the division between art and events that are part of everyday, "real" life. Joanna Ostrowska, Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza, Instytut Kulturoznawstwa, ul. Szamarzewskiego 89, 60-568 Poznań, Poland.
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    Codzienne i duchowe ścieżki kobiet Środkowego Wschodu- Nepalki, Tybetanki i Bhutanki
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza, 2012) Skrzypińska, Katarzyna
    Diversity, which is characteristic feature of Middle Asia, attracts attention of tourists, adventures’ seekers, scientists and others. It is so fascinating to compare the three countries – such dissimilar as Nepal, Tibet and Bhutan. The article presents everyday and spiritual life of the people and especially women from these countries, on the religious – Hindu and Buddhist – background. Katarzyna Skrzypińska, Uniwersytet Gdański, Instytut Psychologii, ul. Bażyńskiego 4, 80-952 Gdańsk, Poland.
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    O szczególnym wymiarze żydowskiej tożsamości
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza, 2012) Grosfeld, Jan
    This essay tries to present a special face of the Jewish people in the history of man and world. As a key to understand the Jewish condition and identity I am using a well known notion of “the wandering Jew”. The counterpoint to a negative perception of this idea of Jews is a deep and real insight in their identity. This identity was shaped through the exceptional, consecutive encounters of Hebrews, Israelis, of the Jewish people with the unique God. He is unique also by the fact of their election and guidance on the way aiming to experience Him as the Lord full of love to them. This “knowing” of God occurs through the mutual relations between people and peoples. The fundamental feature of the Jewish condition is wandering, un-domestication which should result in breaking with these fetters and ties which make impossible our self-understanding which is a condition of a veritable freedom. This freedom is recognized in fulfilling one’ s vocation which starts with the election by God. The patriarchs of Israel – Abraham, Isaac and Jacob are the figures-icons useful in a better existential understanding of man and God. The Shoah which was so terrifying tragedy of Jews was a turning point for the Jewish reflection on their own vicissitudes, on the relation to God and the whole history. In the same time the Shoah was and should be fundamental to the contemporary civilization as well as to Christians and Churches in perceiving their vocation and mission. Jan Grosfeld, Uniwersytet Kardynała Stefana Wyszyńskiego, Instytut Politologii, ul. Wójcickiego 1/3, 01-938 Warszawa, Poland.
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    Na Śródce rewolucji nie było,czyli słabe więzi w procesie rewitalizacji
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza, 2012) Dolata, Dorota
    The term “weak ties” can be discussed in the context of both, interpersonal relationships in an anonymous metropolis and a mass society. Can the case of ródka in Pozna" be applied to certain questions relating to the phenomenon of weak ties? It is clearly visible, that revitalisation in this area of the city has lost its momentum now. Municipal program was a temporary way to avoid progressive degradation and increasing gentrification. However, in the most lively period of projects and events at ródka experts often referred to the traditional ties between inhabitants and invoked the urgency of their activities. Even the minimum effort and engagement was to trigger the renovation processes and contribute to the so-called sustainable development of ródka. It is worth asking at this point, who emphasized the role of local relations and animated the sequence of revitalizing events? What were the goals of revitalization animators? Did we come across the true cooperation of local residents, or perhaps the social participation was limited to the show for "tourists" from other parts of the city? Were the city officials able to engage the community of ródka? And if not the officials – were the artists able to (re)build relationships and connections between inhabitants? Their projects – both individual and group ones – are an important material for research To understand the growing complexity of the case of ródka, it is essential to discover its historical background and consider the relative isolation of ródka in the previous times. In the first half of the twentieth century, the district was perceived as a local base of crafts and small trade. Its distinctive mark were strong neighborhood ties. Can these ties – partly mythologized – now become the driving force of the revitalization? Dorota Dolata, doktorantka, Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza, Zakład Badań nad Kulturą Artystyczną, Instytut Kulturoznawstwa, ul. Szamarzewskiego 89A, 60-568 Pozna", Poland.
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    O gatunkach przestrzeni
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza, 2012) Rapior, Waldemar
    This article present four species of space, species that express, through the material culture, different forms of gathering: the crowd, the lonely crowd, community, co-operation and the way that people experience closeness and togetherness. The four species of space are: the space of mass, of individualism, of tribe and, last but not least, the space of solidarity. We can think of the species of space as a metaphor which we can use to describe the material realm, but also as a tool for changing the world and creating social change. We live together. However, we are not only tied up with longterm relationships but with weak ties. The latter are based on the materiality. I suggest that space is not purely physical (size, shape, weight) but it is rather the script, the specie which, in the dynamic evolutionary process, adapts to the historical and social circumstances. Waldemar Rapior, Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza, Instytut Socjologii, ul. Szamarzewskiego 89, 60-568 Poznań, Poland.
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    Działalność aficionados jako przykład budowania relacji społecznych wokół tradycji tauromachicznych
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza, 2012) Ziółkowska-Kuflińska, Magdalena
    Tradition in modern societies is subject to changes and modifications. Picture of this situation is, in my present condition corrida de toros in Spain. For some, it is a spectacular fight of man and bull, wiping about art or even which is an art in itself, for others it is a barbaric act of killing a bull in front of the audience. The audience of this tradition is quite specific and defined them as aficionados – enthusiasts. True enthusiasts are able to catch the slightest bullfight tradition malpractice and do not hesitate to take immediate action. The ongoing around the corrida de toros discussion in the minds of aficionados makes it the right to practice the age-old tradition is threatened. Therefore, in the last decade, are born many associations of aficionados. Of all the countless organizations aficionados (as well as a foundation), you can even replace UFTAE – Unión de Federaciónes Taurinas de Aficionados de España, Asociación Taurina Parlamentaria (ATP), association of readers “Aplausos” or Asociación de Profesionales y Aficionados Taurinos de Utrera. Magdalena Ziółkowska-Kuflińska, Instytut Socjologii Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza, ul. Szamarzewskiego 89, 60-568 Poznań, Poland.
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    Obraz jako aktor społeczny w sieci. Treści przekazywane w obrębie mikroblogów na przykładzie serwisu
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza, 2012) Szubstarska, Magdalena
    Actors in the Network examines the properties of an image floating around the Internet: the ability of connecting people without usage of words, bonding them because of the mutual feelings they have about the reality outside. Images that are reposted between the users of digital forms such as tumblelogs or microblogs (the article uses for the case study) cover the needs, fears and aspirations of not only ordinary web-users, but also the users of the contemporary culture and economic system. An image is no longer a passive, visual piece – it acts by joining, addressing and portraying the desires, thoughts of the users. This phenomenon can be connected with Bruno Latour’s Actor-Network Theory, and with the ideas of W.J.T. Mitchell about the active images. The example of shows how easy it is to bond people through sharing particular images, but also how certain tools of popular culture can be used to create something new. Although it seems as users are not interested in connecting with anyone but themselves, their microblog is the message to the outside, it is their collage portrait that makes them visible to the others. Image is then not only the tool of connection, but also the tool of representation. What is important, most of the images that can be found on are anonymous – which means that they no longer belong to a certain person, but become independent and free to act. Magdalena Szubstarska, Międzykierunkowe Indywidualne Studia Humanistyczne, Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza, ul. Wieniawskiego 1, 60-712 Poznań, Poland.
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    Towarzyskość w butelce - wino w relacjach społecznych
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza, 2012) Wyborski, Paweł
    Wyborski Paweł, Towarzyskość w butelce – wino w relacjach społecznych [Sociability in a bottle – wine in social relations] edited by M. Krajewski – „Człowiek i Społeczeństwo”, vol. XXXIII, Poznań 2012, pp. 41-64. Adam Mickiewicz University Press. ISBN 978-83-232-2484-6. ISSN 0239-3271. The purpose of this article based on in-depth interviews with Polish wine consumers/amateurs is to consider whether wine consumption may be perceived as an agent of social relations. I argue that collective wine drinking occasions may be sociologically understood as exemplifications both of Simmelian idea of sociability and Maffesoli’s modern tribalism. Consequently the main problem of the text is also to stress the role of social context in experiencing consumption pleasures as well as the significance of sharing common standards of taste in constructing and maintaining social relations. Pawel Wyborski, Wyższa Szkoła Społeczno-Ekonomiczna w Gdańsku, ul. Łagiewniki 3, 80-847 Gdańsk, Poland.
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    Seks-zabawa w gimnazjum.Znaczenie ulotnych relacji
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza, 2012) Przybył, Iwona
    ABSTRACT. Przybył Iwona, Seks-zabawa w gimnazjum. Znaczenie ulotnych relacji [Sex Fun in School. The Importance of Weak Relationships] edited by M. Krajewski – „Człowiek i Społeczeństwo”, vol. XXXIII, Pozna" 2012, pp. 21-39. Adam Mickiewicz University Press. ISBN 978-83-232-2484-6. ISSN 0239-3271. The author of the based on literature article attempts to characterise various factors that influence sexual activity named “sexual games” among youth. The aim of this paper concentrates on the presentation of the process of constructing identity in a culture of individualism. Characteristic of the postmodern era disintegration of categorical communities, uprooting from tradition and emancipation from social groups and communities results in the emergence of a new man and a new model of socialization. Dynamic socio-cultural changes taking place in Poland cause transformations of intrafamilial and peer relationships that involve a significant weakening of the original compounds in groups and result to identify youth with social networks and weak ties, even in such intimate sphere, which is sex. Secondly, the article tries to present the role and the consequences of this activity. Iwona Przybył, Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza, Instytut Socjologii, ul. Szamarzewskiego 89, 60-568 Poznań, Poland
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    "Siła słabych więzi",czyli (jeszcze raz) o maskującym języku socjologii
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza, 2012) Drozdowski, Rafał
    ABSTRACT. Drozdowski Rafał, „Siła słabych więzi”, czyli (jeszcze raz) o maskującym języku socjologii [“The strength of weak ties”, which is (again) a masking language of sociology] edited by M. Krajewski – „Człowiek i Społeczeństwo”, vol. XXXIII, Poznań 2012, pp. 11-20. Adam Mickiewicz University Press. ISBN 978-83-232-2484-6. ISSN 0239-3271. The article concerns on the Mark Granovetter’s concept of the strength of weak ties. The main question is about how it is used in theoretical and ideological disputes of latemodern society today. For some, a society based on weak ties is equivalent of increasing autonomy and individuality, but this is also the relaxation of the most repressive forms of social control. For others, weak social relationships are the evidence of a deep crisis of contemporary societies. The problem is that both, the first and the others speakers are using the term “strength of weak ties” mask the true picture of social reality. The first are blind on the process of society disintegration. Others – ignore the growing importance of social networks and do not appreciate the causal force of “minimal engagement”. The new technologies are able to aggregate these “minimal engagements” into a new powerful instrument of political, social and cultural impact. Rafał Drozdowski, Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza, Instytut Socjologii, ul. Szamarzewskiego 89, 60-568 Pozna", Poland.
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    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza, 2012) Krajewski, Marek
Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu
Biblioteka Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu
Ministerstwo Nauki i Szkolnictwa Wyższego