ItemThe United States as the Guarantor of the Security for the Republic of Korea(Wydawnictwo Naukowe Wydziału Nauk Politycznych i Dziennikarstwa Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu, 2012) Wysocka, MałgorzataThe purpose of this study is introducing the role and importance of the United States in ensur¬ing the safety of South Korea. The USA, in act of signing the ROK-U.S. Mutual Defense Treaty with the Republic of Korea in October, 1953, has committed to safeguard the national security of South Korea, and, in particular, to provide protection against external aggression, mainly from North Korea. The strengthening of the guarantees is assisted by the American military presence in the territory of the Republic of Korea, and as well holding of joint military exercises by the U.S. and Korean Armies several times a year. The attention is also drawn to the currently U.S.-South Korean military alliance that has been evolving for years, and seeks to adapt it to the challenges and problems of the modern world, such as common missions in Iraq or Afghanistan. ItemDiscourse on National Identity in Moldovan Politics after 2009(Wydawnictwo Naukowe Wydziału Nauk Politycznych i Dziennikarstwa Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu, 2012) Oleksy, PiotrThroughout the 20 years of independence, different concepts of a Moldovan nation have competed in public, scientific, and political discourse. A turning point came in 2009, when the ruling Communist Party of Moldova was replaced by a pro-European coalition of self-styled lib¬eral-democratic parties who brought about a significant pluralisation of Moldovan public life. The goal of this article is to analyse the discourse on national identity in Moldovan politics since 2009. ItemA Troubled or a Troubling Candidate – Serbian Accession to the EU(Wydawnictwo Naukowe Wydziału Nauk Politycznych i Dziennikarstwa Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu, 2012) Dordević, VladimirThis article analyzes Serbian accession bid to the EU. Although a candidate country as of March 2012, Serbia will have to manage some painstaking reforms before being admitted into the Union. Even if negotiations over Serbian entry start next year, and date of entry negotiations is still unknown, it seems realistic that Serbia will not join the EU by the end of this decade. In that respect, main argument of this article is that Serbian entry to the EU is dependent on the fol¬lowing issues: battling systemic corruption and (organized) crime; relations with Kosovo; and change of political culture. ItemContents(Wydawnictwo Naukowe Wydziału Nauk Politycznych i Dziennikarstwa Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu, 2012) ItemForeword(Wydawnictwo Naukowe Wydziału Nauk Politycznych i Dziennikarstwa Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu, 2012) Wojciechowski, Sebastian ItemPublic Health Security in Crisis Situations. Basic Premises and Strategic Objectives(Wydawnictwo Naukowe Wydziału Nauk Politycznych i Dziennikarstwa Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu, 2012) Konieczny, JerzyIn recent years the approach to public health has changed, making the adoption of a uniform definition difficult. This is forced by the growing number of extraordinary dangers: terrorist attacks, natural disasters, dangerous invading microbial and virus diseases, bioterrorist, chemical and radiation threats, transport accidents and disasters. These threats create crisis situations which are very complicated and define new challenges for the authorities and public health leaders as well as for officials and health inspectors. In the speculation below, an attempt has been made to present a new pyramid of leadership in the public health sector in crisis situations, the assumptions and strategic objectives of a health security strategy are stated. ItemBeyond the Non-Proliferation Treaty. A Case Study of India, Pakistan and North Korea(Wydawnictwo Naukowe Wydziału Nauk Politycznych i Dziennikarstwa Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu, 2012) Fiedler, RadosławThe main aim of the article is the presentation of important premises which were considered by these three states in conducting their military nuclear program. In the article both internal factors, such as political consolidation and strong society support, and external factors, such as deterrence and prestige were emphasised. For North Korea, nuclear weapons also became an attribute for gaining more international aid. The motives of India, North Korea and Pakistan for being a nuclear state are worrisome examples, because these three governments decided on nuclear weapons,,, despite the significant costs, such as sanctions, a risk of nuclear war or unstoppable arms race and the undermining of the non-proliferation regime. ItemEnergy Security - In a Clinch between Politics and Business. Chosen Alternative Energy Solutions(Wydawnictwo Naukowe Wydziału Nauk Politycznych i Dziennikarstwa Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu, 2012) Donaj, ŁukaszEnergy security is one of the targets of the energy policies adopted by modern states and more and more by supranational structures. At the same time, it is a precondition for a country’s economic growth and the society’s well-being. In the 21 century, we depend on both primary (like electricity) and secondary energy carriers. Among the latter, oil and natural gas played and play an important role in the foreign policies of a number of states. But for resistance from political elites and business a substantial part of energy sources, whose depletion and disastrous effects on climate are touched upon by the same people, could already be successfully replaced. The article represents a contribution to the discussion on the future of world energy production. The concepts referred to might seem pointless, unreal, or trivial, but let us hope that thanks to the discoveries and ideas of both individuals and research teams, the energy problems of the world will be overcome. ItemThe Era of Network Terrorism. The Evolution of the Organisational Structure of the Global Salafi Jihad Movement at the Beginning of the Twenty-First Century(Wydawnictwo Naukowe Wydziału Nauk Politycznych i Dziennikarstwa Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu, 2012) Wejkszner, ArturThis article is an attempt to draw attention to the issue of the network nature of terrorist structures in the early twenty-first century. It analyses the essence of the so-called network terrorism from an Islamic perspective. The example of the global Salafi jihad movement (GSJM) is recognised as key. It is a social movement established at the turn of the century, referring to the Salafi ideology and promoting the so-called holy war with its enemies in the West. One of the principal manifestations of its activity is terrorism. The evolution of the movement has occurred on several levels, one of the more important of these being organisational. The proliferation of the terrorist threat posed by the GSJM is closely associated with the construction of the network structure of the organisation. Analysis of the available sources indicates that the current organisation of the GSJM has the form of the so-called second-level structured network. ItemThe Terrorism Virus: Contemporary Traits and Mechanisms(Wydawnictwo Naukowe Wydziału Nauk Politycznych i Dziennikarstwa Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu, 2012) Wojciechowski, SebastianIn order to present and understand the nature of modern terrorism it is important to realize its key properties as well the mechanisms that shape terrorism. Selected properties and mechanisms shaping modern terrorism which can be exemplified by the following: evolutionary nature of terrorism, asymmetry of terrorism, interferentiality of terrorism, multitude of components of terrorism, diffusion of terrorism, duality of terrorism, positive dimension of terrorism, terrorist as the system, diversity of terrorist activity goals, changeability of terrorist threat, the broad and narrow dimension of terrorism, counter-anti-terrorism, the confrontational and cooperational character of relations, calculation and operational strategy, disintegrational nature of terrorism, multidisciplinarity of terrorism, horizontal and vertical dimension of terrorism and a the few other traits or mechanisms. ItemDefence Industry in the European Union - Challenges and Opportunities in Times of Economic Crisis(Wydawnictwo Naukowe Wydziału Nauk Politycznych i Dziennikarstwa Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu, 2012) Wiśniewski, RafałCurrent economic crisis in the EU can prove to be a turning point for the European defence-industrial base. The purpose of this article is to analyse the current state of the EU-based defence sector and possible trajectories of its future evolution. In order to achieve this aim, an overview of defence industry’s functions has been provided, followed by SWOT analysis of internal and external factors influencing the current and future position of the European defence-industrial base. Presentation of the sector’s strengths and weaknesses, as well as threat and opportunities coming from the external environment provides basis for assessment of possible future directions of industry’s evolution. ItemGermany after World War II - Crucial Frontline of Inteligence Services War(Wydawnictwo Naukowe Wydziału Nauk Politycznych i Dziennikarstwa Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu, 2012) Raubo, JacekAfter 1945 the most important everyday mission performed on the border between the cold and the hot war was, however, the one fulfilled by forces which belonged to a less visible but still extremely important formation –namely the Intelligence Services, Counter-intelligence Services and, above all, their agents and analysts. While a cold-war tension was rising and the two German states were built, a territory of the current Federal Republic of Germany turned into one of the biggest fronts of world espionage. An experience which stems from the observation of the activities of the Intelligence Services operating on the German territory indicate, that every state in the world, which is a contact point for possible confrontation of stronger subjects, becomes an object of focus for many Intelligence Services. Therefore, it is important to, apart from developing partner relations with other countries, strive for the best possible protection of the country’s own interest. ItemDevelopment of Social Sciences in Dissertations of Immanuel Wallerstein - Implications for the Theory of International Relations(Wydawnictwo Naukowe Wydziału Nauk Politycznych i Dziennikarstwa Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu, 2012) Rosicki, RemigiuszThe paper presents an analysis of the social science development concept of Immanuel Wallerstein. In general terms we can say that the development of social sciences was based on a process of emancipation of individual subjects of research and validation of research methods. I. Wallerstein drew attention to the process of emancipation of individual disciplines, therefore we can talk about the separation of philosophy, followed by social sciences and, negatively evaluated by I. Wallerstein, applied social sciences. With the constitution of individual disciplines we dealt with the process of polarising methodological positions, which can be roughly described as the concept of two cultures. The text describes the following issues: (1) the directions of emancipation of scientific disciplines, (2) the processes of emancipation of scientific disciplines, (3) the dynamics of changes in social sciences, (4) the effects of changes occurring in sciences. In addition to the main assumptions of I. Wallerstein on science, the text attempts to confront these assumptions with the achievements of T.S. Kuhn, R.K. Merton and C.W. Mills. The aim of the article is to point out the implications for the “theory of international relations” deriving from the general trends in the development of social sciences. This issue has come down to only selected issues of: microscopisation, idealisation, metaphorical use, deformation, transcendentalisation, fictionalisation and fetishisation of notions in the “theory of international relations”. The aim of the article is to point out the implications for the theory of international relations deriving from the general trends in the development of social sciences. This issue is presented by focussing on selected questions of: microscopisation, idealisation, methaporical use, deformation, fictionalisation and fetishisation of notions in the theory of international relations.