Ethics in Progress, 2020, Volume 11, Issue 1


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    Table of contents
    (Wydział Filozoficzny, Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu, 2020)
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    An Empirical Study on the Core Competencies of College Counselors in China
    (Wydział Filozoficzny, Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu, 2020) Shibang, Long; Shaogang, Yang; Huiyi, Chen
    From the perspective of empirical research, this paper conducts a specific study on the core competencies of college counselors. 450 participants from 4 universities participated the research. A questionnaire of college counselors’ core competencies from the aspects of the design of open questionnaire was designed and implemented, a predictive questionnaire was tested and analyzed, and a formal questionnaire was implemented. The results of the formal questionnaire show that component one mainly concerns ideological awareness and values, component two mainly concerns professional ethics, moral accomplishment, quality, character and attitude, while component three refers to various abilities at work, and component four involves professional and cultural knowledge. Through analysis and discussion, it is concluded that the key elements of college counselors’ core competencies include values, moral quality, vocational ability and cultural knowledge, and a structural model of their core competencies is constructed.
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    Providing Education and Welfare Opportunities for Syrian Children Near Conflict Zone
    (Wydział Filozoficzny, Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu, 2020) Burcu Guner, Pinar
    The article aims to 1) focus on welfare opportunities near the conflict zone in Turkey. Providing a good life for children under every condition belongs to the responsibilities of both, national and international communities. The Capability Approach Theory seems to promote such responsibilities at best. However, the Turkish example does not show effects as satisfactory as the German example with Turkish migrant children, which is discussed in this article and illustrated with research findings provided by the author.
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    Research on Moral Education Affinity from the Perspective of Psychology
    (Wydział Filozoficzny, Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu, 2020) Jing, Zhang; Suting, Li
    Moral education affinity has a very important influence on the smooth development of moral education activities and the improvement of educational effectiveness. From the perspective of psychology, the needs and emotions of the educatees are its motivational mechanism, the will of the educatees is its maintenance mechanism, psychological compatibility is its guarantee mechanism, and the learning psychology of the educatees is the reinforcement mechanism. The generation of moral education affinity is the process of educators’ active interpersonal attraction, the application of positive psychological effect, the change of educatees’ attitude, and the psychological exchange and interaction between educators and educatees. The main way to cultivate moral education affinity is to fully pay attention to the needs or changes of the educatees, make efforts to stimulate and strengthen the learning motivation, maintain the main status and role of the educatees, and enhance the appeal and affinity of the educational process through the unity of knowledge and action.
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    Society, Dispersed Knowledge and Uncertainty Toward Ethical Tales
    (Wydział Filozoficzny, Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu, 2020) Zonik, Przemysław; Zonik, Joanna
    In this article the assumptions of one of the versions of the common good concept in terms of the dispersion of knowledge and uncertainty are analyzed. The article also aims at showing the consequences in regard to moral attitudes in politics and economics which are drawn on the basis of the concepts of this type. In the first part I expound the ontological assumptions which are the basis for the analysis. In the second part the concept of common good in terms of its own assumptions and in relation to the ontology developed in this article is discussed. In the third part I consider some general thoughts about the structure of the ethical tales and their reference.
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    May You Live in Interesting Times. Science vs. Pseudoscience in the Era of the Internet
    (Wydział Filozoficzny, Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu, 2020) Szynkiewicz, Mariusz
    May you live in interesting times, the famous maxim quotes. Undoubtedly, at least in the historical context, periods of political, social, scientific, or economic riots – or at least commotion, ferment, crisis – have certainly earned such a title. So have the epochs which were subject to radical transformations distorting traditional relationships and institutions, existing patterns and rules. The abovementioned “interestingness” is thus a function of a radical change, challenge and variability, somewhat a derivative of erosion, and of all that we associate it with the notion of revolution or turn, be it political, social, economic, environmental, or scientific. The paper’s core aim is to examine the nowadays constantly revised, questioned, thus, shaking demarcation between science and pseudoscience in the light of new trends such as misinformation, denialism, internetisation and memoisation of scientific discourses.
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    Of Luck Both Epistemic and Moral in Questions of Doping and Non-Doping
    (Wydział Filozoficzny, Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu, 2020) Kirkwood, Kenneth William
    This article is a case study of a question of possible doping and how our insights into our moral judgements about doping are subject to considerations of both moral, but more presciently, epistemic luck. The eternal ambiguity surrounding the prevalence of doping, and its impact on high-level sport make this question entirely relevant for our discussions about the ethics of performanceenhancement in sport.
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    The Ethical, Political and Economic Challenges of Effective Altruism
    (Wydział Filozoficzny, Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu, 2020) Kucz, Mateusz; Rosół, Piotr
    This paper presents a critical evaluation of ethical and philosophical concerns about the effective altruism as an ethical position. Effective altruists claim that one of our important ethical obligations is to do the most good possible, with the biggest possible positive impact. This impact should be measured with rational tools and by evaluating the effectiveness of our actions. At first glance, this might seem as a consensus building position, a good starting point for building a community of people wanting to change the world for the better. In our paper, we present some difficulties which are connected with such a way of thinking about charity and an ethical obligation to donate. We discuss the problem of the commercialization of ethical values, understanding effectiveness, agreeing about goals, as well as the political consequences of effective altruism understood as an ethical position.
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    COVID-19 Forced Social Distancing and Isolation: A Multi-Perspective Experience
    (Wydział Filozoficzny, Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu, 2020) Janz, Bruce; Kaznina, Eka; Kim, Jihyun; Ammann, Claudia; Kohlberg, David; Mamali, Cătălin
    The article is combined of six chapters authored by these who voiced their experiences with social distancing during the COVID-19 pandemics in various contexts, but mostly centered on psychological, sociological, and ethical aspects. Authors, mostly psychologists and philosophers, were invited to describe their perspectives on the sense and practice of social distancing in times of pandemics. Their reflections seek to demonstrate various perspectives related to subjects’ novel self-experience, social situatedness, and their dealing with conventions and habits altered through the pandemics. As “the owl of Minerva takes its flight only when the shades of night are gathering” (Hegel), there is no conclusion in this article. It rather encourages other authors to reflect on the nearly global, still lasting phenomenon.
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    Typhus in Buchenwald: Can the Story Be Told?
    (Wydział Filozoficzny, Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicz w Poznaniu, 2020) Löwy, Ilana
    Ludwik Fleck is known today primarily as pioneer in the social study of scientific knowledge. However, during World War II he was a prisoner in Buchenwald, where he and other prisoners produced a typhus vaccine for the Nazis, and where he witnessed murderous experiments on human beings. After WW2, Fleck was accused by one of the prisoners who had participated in the vaccine production at Buchenwald of collaborating, either deliberately or due to lack of imagination, with the Nazi experiments. This article critically examines this accusation and its well-documented rebuttal by Fleck. It argues that while sometimes, especially when dealing with emotionally fraught issues, it may be difficult to establish what precisely took place at a given time and site, it is important to restore the original complexity and messiness of past events – in order to open spaces for understanding, reflexivity and compassion.
Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu
Biblioteka Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu
Ministerstwo Nauki i Szkolnictwa Wyższego