Przestrzenie Teorii, 2011, nr 16

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    O adaptacji, ekranizacji, przekładzie intersemiotycznym i innych zmartwieniach teorii literatury, filmu i mediów
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM, 2011) Choczaj, Małgorzata
    The basis of this deliberation is a critical discussion of common perspectives and research methodology concerning the notion of adaptation. The author searches for universal adaptation models, describes creating new techniques of translation and examines relations among arts. The aim of reminding and critical discussion of the state of research of adaptation is to find the threats referring to common acceptance of one research paradigm, i.e. the perspective of literary studies and semiotics. One of the effects of such a way of thinking may be ungrounded equating a book with a literary work as such, as well as perceiving a film as something second-rate, which often functions only in reference to a book. The author, who refers to Werner Faulstich’s concept of the media, sees the paradigm which is currently binding in the research of adaptation as incomplete and inconsistent. Thus, she is inclined to accept the point of view of media experts. According to that viewpoint, both the book and the film seem to be the media that process and transfer literature (a particular story, e.g. War of the Worlds) in accordance with the principles of its own aesthetics. The concept encourages to change the scientific paradigm and liberates the notion of adaptation from all kinds of the consequences assumed by literary studies. It also allows to concentrate on the aesthetics of a particular medium.
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    Zniewalająca siła ekfrazy (rzecz o zmaganiach słowa i obrazu w poglądach W.J.T. Mitchella)
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM w Poznaniu, 2011) Swoboda, Bartosz
    The article – in its first part titled The space of theory – brings a discussion and interpretation of the theoretical views concerning ekphrasis formulated by W.J.T. Mitchell in the essay Ekphrasis and the Other. The second part of the article – The space of practice and the space of picture – aims to make an attempt at a practical application of Mitchell's theoretical postulates. To the reading in the spirit of his theoretical considerations is submitted the description of Jean-Baptiste Greuze’s picture A Girl with a Dead Canary, which we find in Denis Diderot's Salon 1765.
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    „Najistotniejsza kwestia, jaka może być”. Odpowiedź na artykuł E.A.J. Honigmanna
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM w Poznaniu, 2011) Hammerschmidt-Hummel, Hildegard; Kowalska, Karolina (Tł.)
    This text is a reply to E.A.J. Honigmann and presents another point of view on Shakespeare’s Catholicism. H. Hammerschmidt-Hummel defends her thesis and tries to convince that her book is based on reliable studies and historical sources. She proves that a secret Catholic code in his plays is the most important key to understanding his whole output. Her arguments are based on two evidences: the known or presumed “Catholic sympathies” of the dramatist’s family, friends and patrons and the “Catholic attitudes” embedded in the plays.
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    „Szekspir katolikiem?”. Odpowiedź na książkę Hildegard Hammerschmidt-Hummel
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM w Poznaniu, 2011) Honigmann, Ernst A.J.; Kowalska, Karolina (Tł.)
    The text “Catholic Shakespeare?” is a response to the book of Hildegard Hammerschmidt-Hummel titled William Shakespeare – Sein Zeit – Sein Leben – Sein Werk (2003). E.A.J. Honigmann joins the debate about a secret Catholic code in Shakespeare’s plays. The researcher disagrees with some theses, for example with mysterious inscriptions in the English College at Rheims. He also tries to convince that Shakespeare’s Catholicism isn’t that obvious as Hammerschmidt-Hummel says.
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    Dziedzictwo rosyjskiej szkoły formalnej. OPOJAZ i Moskiewskie Koło Lingwistyczne a współczesna filologia
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM w Poznaniu, 2011) Pilszczikow, Igor; Berkieta, Aleksandra (Tł.)
    This article is devoted to the basic ideas of Russian formalism and their later development in the Russian scholarship from the 1960s to the present time. The traditional view which is focussed on the Society for the Study of Poetic Language (Obščestvo po izučeniju poètičeskogo jazyka — OPOJAZ) is corrected and supplemented by the synopsis of the achievements of the Moscow Linguistic Circle (Moskovskij lingvističeskij kružok — MLK). Special attention is paid to the works of Maksim Kenigsberg, Grigory Vinokur, Osip Brik and Boris Jarcho, as well as the use of linguistic, semiotic, and statistical methods in literary studies.
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    W Poznaniu Troczyńskiego. Fragment mapy: uniwersytet
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM w Poznaniu, 2011) Kobelska, Adela
    The author proposes to create a map of the city of Poznań which could present the milieu of life activities and practices of Konstanty Troczyński (1906–1942), who was a Polish literary scholar from Poznań. The university is considered as a very important place on this map and remains the main subject of the text. It is seen from a historical and cultural perspective. The author’s attitude is based on the assumption that investigation of modern Polish literary studies history requires both exploring biographies of particular scholars as well as places where new ideas were born.
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    Wierność epistolarna Witkacego
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM w Poznaniu, 2011) Szkudlarek, Ewa
    Epistolary writing has been known for ages and has won a significant position in the history of literature. One of the most intriguing exchanges of letters known from the 20th century started nine days before the wedding of the renowned artist Stanisław Ignacy Witkiewicz with an aristocrat Jadwiga von Urunh. The first letter is dated to the 21st of March 1923 and the last on the 24th of August 1939. The letters of Witkacy to his wife have been for many years surrounded by a veil of mystery. They can be read as a history of a certain relationship, a study of loneliness, a historical and social life chronicle or as a comment on artistic activity. The set comprises 1278 letters, postcards and wires. In this edition it is divided into two equal parts of which the first one includes the letters, while the second presents the commenting notes written by Professor Janusz Degler. The editors divided the whole set into four parts of which three volumes of Witkacy’s letters to his wife from the years 1923–1927, 1928–1931, 1932–1935 have already been published. Unfortunately, none of the letters written by Jadwiga to her husband has been found, so we know the correspondence exclusively from the side of a daily writer Stanisław Ignacy Witkiewicz.
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    „Jest ja, ale mnie nie ma” – granica poetyckiego szaleństwa Rafała Wojaczka
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM w Poznaniu, 2011) Pertek, Grzegorz
    In this article the author made an attempt at demarcating the limits of the poetic language of Rafał Wojaczek, the crossing of which – as the author of this study thinks – opens before the poet a possibility of achieving the perfectness of the subject of his poems, portending the specter of madness. This project is combined with the problems of the crisis of identity being both the reason and the consequence of the many renewed attempts at its realisation. The author claims that from this point of view, it was in the Dziennik [Diary] (the first of the analysed texts) Wojaczek as an author his desire of perfection and discovers that it is unattainable beyond madness. Dziennik is also a place of the first experience of the crisis in view of which the debut Sezon [Season], and in particular the poem which opens that book, and which has the same title as the whole (another text submitted to interpretaion), is only its poetic rewriting. Such a view allows the author to reveal the intertextual opening. In the course of analysis of the poem, difficulties connected with the realisation of the project, i.e. obtaining oneself as authentic in the language, just defining of identity, the source of which is Arthur Rimbaud’s philosophy, is exposed. Nevertheless Wojaczek’s subject is neither a repetition of the model of Rimbaud nor its denial, but a transfer of elusiveness of the changeable “I”, expressed by means of the formula “I is someone else”, into the area of absence. The considerations are capped with the interpretation of the work Piszę wiersz [I am writing a poem], which is a poetic verification of diagnoses made by Wojaczek in Sezon.
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    Traumatyczna pamięć Wacława Iwaniuka
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM w Poznaniu, 2011) Rydz, Agnieszka
    Although the term “trauma” has recently been a bit abused, it is very well justified with regard to the poetry of Wacław Iwaniuk. Literary transformation of the biography of the author of “The Mirror” (World War II soldier serving on the front, prisoner of war and liberator of concentration camps in Germany) is realised within the “autobiographic space” of Ph. Lejeune. The war trauma is revealed in Iwaniuk’s literary output in the flashes of memory. Persistent reappearance of war scenes has been conveyed by the poet in a series of oneiric images. The metaphor of “a wound” (P. Ricoeur, R. Nycz) refers also to the post-war experience of a political exile. Wacław Iwaniuk lived outside Poland since 1939 and in 1948 he settled in Canada where he stayed till his death in 2001.
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    Analiza psychokrytyczna poezji Stanisława Barańczaka
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM w Poznaniu, 2011) Mulet, Katarzyna
    The article is an attempt at a new reading of Stanisław Barańczak’s poetry by using Charles Mauron’s psychocritical method. Four volumes of poems are subjected to analysis, in which the writer’s obsessive metaphors are extracted, allowing the unveiling of his personal myth. It turns out that the romantic hero complex is underlying this myth, that defines the poet’s way of expression of traumatic experiences from his life. Then, the way of recording of such experiences as enslavement by the totalitarian system, alienation in exile, or Parkinson’s disease, is interpreted according to Hanna Segal’s psychoanalytic theory. Barańczak’s writing is gaining then the title of reparation, it becomes a way to recover lost objects from the past by the writer: freedom, stabilization, health, but also the past time, places, events and people.
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    Stanisław Barańczak jako krytyk języka. Wokół dwóch esejów z tomu Poezja i duch Uogólnienia
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM w Poznaniu, 2011) Trubicka, Hanna
    The articles derives from a conviction that the later essays writing of Stanisław Barańczak in one of its important aspects is a criticism of the morally destructive features of the language. His theory of poetry as a particular kind of speech – directed to the concrete, multimeaning, always individual – is a simple consequence of a conviction abot what should be the language in general results from the deeply ethical objection to the generality, exaggerated abstractness, one-sidedness of an opinion. Manifestations of such “a laying the language in charge”, to use Barańczak’s own words, I can be found mostly in his two late essays titled Człowiek, Który Za Dużo Wie [The Man Who Knows Too Much] and Poezja i duch Uogólnienia [Poetry and the Spirit of Generalisation]. In their rhetoric I am looking for the supplement of his relation to language.
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    Granice użycia (to inni)
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM w Poznaniu, 2011) Jakubowski, Piotr
    This article refers to critical considerations about limits of interpretation focusing on the category of “use” that is – depending on methodological basics – recognized as an opposition of the interpretation or one of its kinds. Some critics invert that relation arguing that interpretation is nothing but one of possible ways of using literary texts. Author inquires what in fact is “use”, what that means that someone “uses” the text, and if more that one kind of use exists. Taking for granted that all restrictions of interpretation should be minimized or absent while talking about the “use” author forms the opposition “is not allowed” / “is not possible” that sets impassable, although relativised to one cultural context limits of interpretations and applications of the literary texts.
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    Pragnienie Realnego albo fantazmat Zewnętrza wśród nędzy językowo zdefiniowanego świata
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM w Poznaniu, 2011) Kruszelnicki, Wojciech
    In my article I reconstruct the Lacanian notion of the Symbolical and explain why language constitutes its most important domain. Following Kojève, I argue that language introduces to the human world an insurmountable negativity – the “deadness of the word” which substitutes the continuity of a world experienced in its immediate intensity with a symbolical representation and conceptualization. The order of the symbolical, identified with cultural order, is further on confronted with the order of the real which after Lacan, and especially after Žižek, I understand as a metaphor of an inaccessible, non-phenomenological experience lived beyond consciousness and culture, that is in the phantasmatic Outside. I trace various figures and intuitions of thus conceived “Outside” in thinkers such as Maurice Blanchot, Emmanuel Levinas and Georges Bataille and I argue that at issue in their works might have been an intriguingly novel way of thinking about communication. In conclusion I tackle the question why the discussed path of contemporary French philosophy is worth elaboration, positing it all the while as a project of strictly utopian character.
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    Wody Zofii Nałkowskiej
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM w Poznaniu, 2011) Marzec, Lucyna
    The article treats the aquatic imagination of Zofia Nałkowska in her early and late works. The matter of water is in Nałkowska’s writing strongly connected with an image of women, but, as the author claims, not in the way Gaston Bachelard pointed out in his works. Nałkowska throughout her writing attemped to re-think and re-write the Ophelia complex (or the Ophelia myth), indicating cultural and social aspects of women’s choices. The more adequate theory describing women’s relation with water is the one proposed in Luce Irigaray’s essays.
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    Uwiedzeni przez manekiny, czyli o erotyce sztucznych ciał (na przykładzie opowiadania Płaszcz Józefa Olenina Eugéne’a Melchiora de Vogüégo)
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM w Poznaniu, 2011) Gajewska, Grażyna
    In the article I shake a common conviction that the quasi-female mannequins fascinate us because they remind beautiful, real women in their unliving materiality they represent human bodies. Basing on psychoanalytical theories, I am proposing a thesis that in this fascination the representation of those alive (empirical) bodies is not meant, but a presentation of the aesthetic and especially erotic fantasies. The point of reference of this fascination is not a body of blood and bones, often imperfect, handicapped and ageing, but fantasies about the creation, embodiment, enlivening of the ideal woman whose symbol is the mythical Galatea sculpted by Pygmalion. The aesthetic-erotic fascination with mannequins is seen in many artworks and literary works. In this article I discover this phenomenon by analysing a fantastic story by Eugéne Melchior de Vogüé. However, the choice of this work does not mean that the fascination with the quasifeminine mannequins is exclusively a motif of fantastic prose. Just the opposite, for instance, it can be found in realistic novels like Emil Zola’s Ladies' Paradise, in which descriptions of mannequins in shop windows are saturated with erotic admiration connected with the category of luxury. However, due to the fact that fantastic literature is a particular field of play for fantasy and unconsciousness, this psychic energy being the consequence of the dramatised hallucination of displacing, my choice was Le manteau de Joseph Oléonine. Analysis of this work becomes a contribution to wider interpretations of the phenomenon of quasi-feminine mannequins in the West European culture of the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries.
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    Amerykańska ekopoezja – nowa odmiana tradycyjnej poezji natury
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM w Poznaniu, 2011) Marszalski, Mariusz
    American ecological poetry is a relatively recent literary phenomenon that has marked its existence within the tradition of nature poetry. It is represented by such poets as Robinson Jeffers, Gary Snyder, Archie R. Ammons, Denise Levertov, Mary Oliver and Wendell Berry. The major feature that distinguishes ecopoetry from traditional nature poetry is its distinct biocentrism that is manifested in the attitude of humility towards the world of nature and a critical approach to technological civilization posing danger to Earth’s eco-community. On the level of the ecological consciousness that it promotes, ecopoetry is inspired by such ecosophies as Benedict Spinoza’s monistic pantheism, Aldo Leopold’s earth ethics, Arne Naess’s deep ecology and James Lovelock’s concept of Gaia.
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    2. Strona tytułowa
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM, 2011)
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    Estetyka granic
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    1. Spis treści
Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu
Biblioteka Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu
Ministerstwo Nauki i Szkolnictwa Wyższego