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Title: Równość obywateli bez względu na narodowość w konstytucjach europejskich państw socjalistycznych
Other Titles: Equality of Citizens Irrespective to their Nationality in Constitutions of the European Socialist States
Authors: Smoliński, Tadeusz
Issue Date: 1986
Publisher: Wydział Prawa i Administracji UAM
Citation: Ruch Prawniczy, Ekonomiczny i Socjologiczny 48, 1986, z. 3, s. 37-50
Abstract: Equality of citizens, irrespective to their nationality is provided by all constitutions of the European socialist states. Yet a different construction is put on the question in the discussed constitutions on account of the fact that the constitutions were adopted in different periods, different patterns were followed, and first of all that not all these States encouner the question of equality of citizens irrespective to their nationality as an actual problem. The equality of rights irrespective to nationality becomes the problem in federal States and those homogenous States where numerous minorities live, i.e. in Romania and Hungary. Constitutions of Romania and Hungary formulate the equality of citizens irrespective to their nationality not only as an individual right but also as the collective one. It means that they provide not only the equality of rights of particular citizens, but they guarantee equality of rights to the whole national minorities. Guaranteeing the equality of rights to particular national minorities has to be recognized as a better and more complete securing of the equality of rights. A possibility of cultivating their national separateness by particular citizens does not by itself create the full equality of rights. It is determined by activities of educational institutions at all their levels, extensive development of education and culture — and this cannot be implemented only by individual actions of citizens. The socialist federations, i.e. the Soviet Union, Yugoslavia and Czechoslovakia secure the equality of rights irrespective to nationality in different ways. In Yugoslavia and Czechoslovakia the equality is secured by guaranteeing particular nationalities the development of their separate character. In the Soviet Union, the complete equality of rights of particular nations and peoples is intended to be achieved by the creation of a uniform Soviet nation. These two distinct ways are reflected in the discussed constitutions. Still, in all the European socialist States the true equality of citizens irrespective to their nationality is to be achieved by the equality in the social and economic domain. Most of the constitutions clearly differentiate between the equality of rights and obligations of citizens and the equality before the law irrespective to nationality. It has to be added though, that in those States, where the constitutions do not proclaim explicitely the equality of citizens before the law irrespective to their nationality, the respective provisions were omitted mostly for that reason that at the time of adopting the constitutions there were no differences perceived between the notions of equality of citizens before the law and equality of rights of citizens.
Sponsorship: Digitalizacja i deponowanie archiwalnych zeszytów RPEiS sfinansowane przez MNiSW w ramach realizacji umowy nr 541/P-DUN/2016
ISSN: 0035-9629
Appears in Collections:Ruch Prawniczy, Ekonomiczny i Socjologiczny, 1986, nr 3

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