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Digital media in a contemporary conflict - example of Ukraine
Media cyfrowe we współczesnym konflikcie - przykład Ukrainy
Środkowoeuropejskie Studia Polityczne
Galus, Nesteryak, Digital media in a contemporary conflict - example of Ukraine, Środkowoeuropejskie Studia Polityczne, 4, 2019, s. 27-46
The ongoing conflict between Ukraine and Russia provides many examples of using media, including technologically new ones, to conduct information warfare. The article focuses on the issue of the importance of digital media in the context of war in eastern Ukraine and socio-political protests (2013/2014) that preceded the armed conflict. This article analyzes the methods of instrumental usage of digital media by Russia as the dominant entity in conducting aggressive information warfare against Ukraine as well as civic actions on the Ukrainian side aimed at counteracting Russian propaganda. The results show that, in the times of the mediatization of war, different entities tend to actively use both traditional media present in the digital space and social media. In addition, this work systematizes the conceptual apparatus related to the discussed issues. The article is based on the analysis of case studies (mainly Russian RT and Ukrainian, social initiative StopFake), content analysis, analysis and criticism of literature, and examination of source studies. The article complements the current debate on the conflict between Ukraine and Russia by highlighting the role of digital media in the context of information warfare and by showing that digital media, especially social media, can be a platform adopted not only by state actors, but also for citizens.
Research funded under a research project of the Role of Polish NGOs in sup- porting the development of media in Ukraine, the National Science Center (NCN), PRELUDIUM Program no UMO-2017/25/N/HS5/01404.
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