Człowiek i Społeczeństwo, 34/2012

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    Eurotrash jako praktyka,lektura i kultura filmowa. Przypadek Jesúsa Franco
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza, 2012) Kamińska, Magdalena
    The article discusses Jesús Franco’s directing work as a film auteur’s work. His oeuvre, which contains about 200 pieces, is often classified under the depreciating name of ‘paracinema’ or ‘eurotrash’. The author depicts Franco’s activity in the field of popular cinema (which is not to be mistaken for commercial cinema) as an incessant struggle with censorship. His style of filmmaking can be considered as symptomatic of a certain special moment in film history: the decade between the Hollywood studio system’s collapse and the video boom. This article shows how the so-called exploitation movies, which was Franco’s main area of activity, fructified with a new model of film reading and culture as well as new modes of production and cinematic practice.
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    Thematischer gehalt und dramatisches geschehen im platonisczen dialog. Sokrates und die "umwendung der ganzen seele" oder zur audiovisualität der platonischen dialoge
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza, 2012) Königshausen, Johann-Heinrich
    During Plato’s lifetime it was a very common thing to read loud circulating writings or let them be read by others. It is said that Plato initially wanted to write tragedies. And he undoubtedly created dramas, which are performed in the mind of the reader, listener and viewer. Therefore, the addressee of a Platonic dialogue is, in principle, not only a listener, but also a spectator. We can hear what is being said by an actor (a character) and we can see his acting; and if the stage is too far away, then distant, no longer visible events are “told” to the viewers. Thus, as for the philosophical reading of the Greek classics, one should not only read the written texts, but also watch what is being shown by the characters’ play (arguments).
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    Ziemski i mistyczny obraz wędrówki w islamie
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza, 2012) Wachulak, Sylwia
    Migration is an intrinsic characteristic of the Islamic world. It can be seen from two perspectives: earthly (literal) and mystical (spiritual). The origin of the archetype of an immigrant can be traced back to the times of the ancient Bedouins who traversed the desert in search of an oasis. However, physical distance does not play such an important role as spiritual matters, especially for people who go on a pilgrimage to Mecca. Following in the footsteps of the ancestors (Abraham, Muhammad), the faithful strengthen ties with their community. A similar thing is true of a mystic who has achieved the highest level of initiation. As an experienced master, he is able to share his experience with others. Unceasingness, perseverance, humility and love are important characteristics of migration which is seen both from the earthly and the mystical perspective.
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    Locke and Muller on Language, Thought and Religion
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza, 2012) Sztajer, Sławomir
    This article is a contribution to research on the influence of John Locke’s philosophy on Friedrich Max Müller’s science of language, thought and religion. In the present study, influence is understood not merely as a more or less original continuation of Locke’s philosophy, but also as an opposition to his achievements and criticism of his thought. While in the former case Locke’s achievements form the basis for philosophical considerations, in the latter they constitute a negative point of reference which determines, to a considerable degree, debates on philosophical issues. The author of this article argues that many hypotheses elaborated by Müller, especially in the fields of the science of language and the science of religion, are based on Locke’s philosophical achievements. Among the theories developed by Müller are the conception of mythology as a “disease” of language, the theory of metaphor as a linguistic phenomenon that allows language users to represent those domains of discourse which transcend sense experience, and a study concerning the relation between language and thought.
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    Autorytet serialu dokumentalnego. Na przykładzie trzeciej części meczu. Rzecz o reprezentacji
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza, 2012) Piepiórka, Michał
    This article attempts to show that documentary series project a sense of authority which makes television viewers believe in their objectivity. It also argues that documentary series have become a source of knowledge about the world for the viewers. I analyze a documentary series entitled “Trzecia cz#$% meczu. Rzecz o reprezentacji” by Adam Bortnowski. In the article I examine three sources with respect to this series: online journalistic articles, the audiovisual text of TV series and respondents’ opinions. In order to analyze online journalistic articles I used a theory of discourse which allowed me to distinguish between two discursive strategies appearing in such articles, that is, the strategy of objectivity and the strategy of exploration. As for audiovisual texts, their authors use rhetorical tricks aimed at convincing the audience that documentary series show some previously unknown information about reality. Miros!aw Przylipiak and Stella Bruzzi highlight a few features of documentary series which differentiate them from factual films and which bring them closer to a docusoap. This type of TV series emphasizes entertainment and belittles the realm of knowledge. Therefore, we should not treat such TV series as objective documentaries. I attempt to prove that Bortnowski’s TV series meets the conditions for a docusoap. At the end of my article I analyze the opinions of TV series’ viewers about the features of a documentary series. In their opinion objectivity is one of the major features of this type of television text.