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- ItemNON-VERBAL CUES IN POLITICS: AN ANALYSIS OF GESTURAL SIGNALS SENT BY AMERICAN AND EUROPEAN POLITICIANS(Versita Ltd., de Gruyter, 2008) Rominiecka, Marta“Speech is accompanied by an intricate set of gestural signals which affect meaning, emphasis and other aspects of utterances” Argyle (1972: 245). They are at least as influential as the verbal content of the message in determining how an individual is perceived (Rosenberg et al. 1986). Kopacz (2006) claims that non-verbal behaviours play an immense role in forming people’s judgements and may be used in political persuasion to elicit positive reactions from voters. The objective of this paper is to analyze some of the most popular body signals sent by American and European politicians and show which of them are considered positive and strengthen the verbal message and which are said to be negative and make the performer look unprofessional and un- trustworthy. The next purpose is to determine which non-verbal channel such as eyes, face, hands, posture, legs is the strongest and attracts the greatest attention.
- ItemMINIMISE AD (?/*IN-)FINITUM? IN DEFENSE OF WEAKLY CARTOGRAPHIC COMPUTATIONAL MODELS(Versita Ltd., de Gruyter, 2008) Cegłowski, PiotrThis paper provides a critical overview of the strongly derivational and non-cartographic approaches to syntax based solely on the relation between a newly selected lexical item (LI) and the so-called derivational space (the existing syntactic object) treated as the pivot of the syntactic derivation. Specifically, it is argued that, given the asymmetry requirement requisite for lineariza- tion, as stated in Kayne’s (1994) Linear Correspondence Axiom (LCA) and Chomsky’s (1994) Bare Phrase Structure (BPS), the abovementioned procedure is unattainable in certain strongly derivational syntactic configurations. The latter sections of the paper, while still arguing against the excessively minimized derivational space, focus on the non-cartographic Escape system pro- posed by Zwart (2007). It is shown that the data (comprising mostly the so-called “look-ahead”- based cases) that prove problematic for Escape can be captured within a moderately (i.e. weakly) cartographic view of the left periphery in accord with Thráinsson’s (1996) Limited Diversity Hypothesis.