Przestrzenie Teorii, 2007, nr 8

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    Donjuán i Pan Niedziela
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM, 2007)
    The essay provides an interpretation of a scene (dialogue Don luan - Monsieur Dimanche; IV, 2) from Molière's Dom luan ou le Festin de pierre in several complementing discursive orders. The first relates to the formal theory of cooperation (R. Axelrod, W. Hamilton), the second - to Marcel Mauss's essay, The Cift: Forms and Functions of Exchange in Archaic Societies, and the subsequent - to the typology of speech acts and subject's attitudes towards the order of signs. Models, created on this basis, serve as tools for the analysis of the relations between Don Juan, other people, God, and of his attitude to love, gift, obligations and death. The protagonist violates communication rules ordering society and its institutions. The destruction of the most important rule, the rule of reciprocity, shows simultaneously the cognitive mechanisms conditioning exchange, use of performatives, understanding of the sign as a tripartite structure of signifiersignified- designation.
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    Dawni autorzy o grafomanii
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM, 2007) Śnieżko, Dariusz
    The topic of the article are opinions formulated by old Polish writers on this sort of literary activity (and it's authors) that presently is called "graphomania", in the context of the ancient tradition and some statements expressed by selected European men of letters. At the beginning of the article theoretical conditions are sketched that - according to the author - should be taken into consideration in order to effectively use the terms "graphoman" and "graphomania". Then, on the basis of the literary quotations, there have been distinguished the criteria that in the old writers' eyes seemed the most representative of graphoman's works. In the end are presented the most popular, parodistic means used by the writers to discredit the title phenomena.
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    Powtórzenie w myśli Sorena Kierkegaarda - opowieść a przypowieść
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM, 2007) Gołębiewska, Maria
    In this text the author describes briefly Kierkegaard's conception of existence, which has been juxtaposed by him with the reinterpreted conception of essence and of the existing. Kierkegaard defined existence referring to different orders of representation, first of all to the spoken and written language. He considered existence - always individual and particular - as an object of personal existential choice. This choice concerns, at the same time, the way of individual existence (the stadium of life) and the individual identity. That is why in Kierkegaard's reflection is so important the reference to individual identity and to its grasp in narration - in the mythical parable and in the story concerning everyday life. The problems of existence, identity and their grasp in representation are connected with the Kierkegaardian question of repetition, which is also discussed in this study.