Cielesność a niepełnosprawność. Obraz ciała i atrakcyjność dorosłych osób z głębszą niepełnosprawnością intelektualną
Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM
Physicality and Disability. Body Image and Attractiveness of Adults With Mild and Severe Intellectual Disability
Body image and physical appearance may infl uence the perception of health, well-being and quality of life. People who are dissatisfi ed with their bodies are more likely to demonstrate depression, low self-esteem, low social functioning, and eating disorders. It is especially important in the context of intellectual disability. The aim of this study was to evaluate body image (actual and ideal body shape and the discrepancy between them) and physical attractiveness (the most attractive body shape). Body image and physical attractiveness were measured in the current study in a sample of 74 adults with an intellectual disability using the Body Image Assessment (BIA). Body weight and height were also measured. The results showed that people with an intellectual disability are generally dissatisfi ed with their bodies, but they are more likely to perceive their bodies as thinner then they actually are. After data analyses, it was also verifi ed that women are more dissatisfi ed with their appearance then men. With regard to physical attractiveness, the most attractive body shape is a slim one, but women prefer more corpulent men. This is a preliminary study and more studies are necessary to evaluate body image and physical attractiveness among people with an intellectual disability.
attractiveness, body image, intellectual disability
Studia Edukacyjne, nr 25, 2013, s. 209-219