Symbolae Philologorum Posnaniensium, 2008, nr XVIII

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    Quidam Iudaeus...
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza, 2008) Szostek, Teresa
    This article describes how Jews were presented in medieval texts. It is based on two main sources being: A Dominican manuscript in the library of Wrocław University and a collection of de sanctis sermons by Peregrinus de Opole OP. Both texts include stories about Christian/Jewish coexistence. In this period, coexistence was characterised neither by hostility nor by friendship. Jews were primarily regarded as potential candidates for conversion whereby, like returning “lost sheep”, nearly all of them became Christians.
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    Życie literackie w Arles (Arelate) na podstawie twórczości Sydoniusza Apollinarisa
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza, 2008) Styka, Jerzy
    The testimonies of Sidonius Apollinaris show a very active literary life in the emperor’s milieu, revealing – completely lost today – the oeuvre of outstanding Gallic poets, compared with the greatest men of letters of the Roman past, they also prove a very vivid interest of the citizens of Arelate in the contemporary literary production; particularly worthy of note are their spontaneous reactions to any allusions to their own life that can be found in this poetry.
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    O zachowaniu się przy stole, czyli kodeks etyki biesiadnej w „Uczcie” Filoksenosa na tle greckiej tradycji literackiej
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza, 2008) Stuligrosz, Magdalena
    The author of the article presents Greek sympotic and dining customs mentioned by Philoxenus of Leucas in his poem Deipnon in comparison with the archaic and classical model of sympotic behaviour. She shows the importance of moderation and balance not only in consumption of food and wine but also in various aspects of entertainment contained within the symposium part of the meal.
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    A Symbolic Language of Space in the Myth of Er
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza, 2008) Stróżyński, Mateusz
    The narrative of the myth of Er often seems diffcult to follow and understand, because the laws of spatial relations are being continuously bent or broken. The author claims that these inconsistencies have a symbolic meaning. Space is an image for the soul and spatial transformations refect the dynamics of contemplation in which the inner and the outer are transcended.
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    Tekst i responsja w E. Suppl. 72-80
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza, 2008) Stępień, Piotr
    In this article the author argues for the correctness of the text and the irregular responsion transmitted for E. Suppl. 72-80. He discusses two commonly accepted emendations for the antistrophe, which are then showed to be unsatisfactory for contextual reasons. Analysing the text of the strophe, he presents the special use of the noun prospolos in Greek drama; this allows him to reject Heath’s emendation for the strophe. Finally the author specifes three compositional characteristics of the lyrics of Euripides’ Suppliants which make the text and the irregular responsion in question highly probable in the form in which they are transmitted by the codex unicus L.
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    Theognidea (księga druga) – próba określenia gatunku
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza, 2008) Szczot, Monika
    The subject of the article is to identify and name types of lyrical poetry present in Corpus Theognideum. The direct lyrical poetry presented in this series focuses on confessions of the lyrical ‘I’, whose monologue adopts the form of an open confession addressed to a reader. This “dialogue opening” to a reader is, however, only a formal sign, a pretext demonstrating the emotional approach of the lyrical “I” to the world. The entire text is initiated by the lyrical expressions of the lyrical “I” and focuses on the speaker himself and his feelings.
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    „Heroidy” I i II Owidusza
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza, 2008) Wesołowska, Elżbieta
    The paper contains two elegies from Ovid’s Heroides. They were composed as the fctional letters from loving women to their lovers being far away. Here the translation into Polish is proposed.
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    Plutarcha „Zalecenia w trosce o zdrowie”
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza, 2008) Szarmach, Marian
    Plutarch's diegematic dialogue Plutarch’s Advice about Keeping Well is not one of his best writings. It lacks the ending and is marked by moralistic loquacity. However, it deserves attention due to the author's recommendations which are full of reason. It is the first translation of this text into Polish.
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    Audiencja u cesarzowej. Komentarz do wizerunku Liwii Druzylli w Owidiuszowej poezji z Pontu
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza, 2008) Wójcik, Andrzej
    In the Tristia and Epistulae ex Ponto one can fnd some elegies dedicated to Livia, Augustus’ wife. The formal panegyrical tone of them cannot hide the poet’s ambiguous attitude to his great and dangeorous enemy in the emperor’s court.
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    A duch jego był napięty jak łuk
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza, 2008) Stankiewicz, Lucyna
    The author of this article discusses particular fields of activity of Appius Claudius the Blind, the first individualised figure in Latin literature. This citizen of Rome who lived at the turn of the 4th and 3rd century B.C. became famous as an outstanding politician, reformer and orator.
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    Opowieści libijskie
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza, 2008) Wróbel, Małgorzata
    The article focuses on Dionysius Skythobrachion' s mythical romance, The Lybian Stories (D.S III 52 – 61) and also on fragments from Aelian' s On the Nature of Animal ( XV 2) and Proclus Commentary on the Timaeus of Plato (p. 177, 10-30; 181, 15) which indicates that perhaps a novel or romance Aetiopca written by Marcellus existed.
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    Zeus w „Argonautykach” Apolloniosa z Rodos
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza, 2008) Rostropowicz, Joanna
    According to Apollonius Rhodius, Zeus is a force constituting the order in the world, he is the author of history, the course of all events depends on him, he has foreseen everything in the least details. The plan created by Zeus has to be fulflled without any changes, because his will became predestination to which he is subordinated. Zeus is a warrenter of law and order among people, he rewards them for merits and punishes for crimes, but gives them possibility to expiate their guilts. The guilt unexpiated by its perpetrator will reach the members of his family. Each of the gods, both the Olympian ones and those of lower rank behave in their activity according to the resolutions of the supreme god. They are executors of his will and exponents of his intentions. In outline, the idea of Zeus does not differ from the vision of this god, which we can reconstruct on the basis of works by Callimachus and Theocritus as well as by Aratos of Soli.
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    Prati-smr(i)ti w świetle nauk o wybaczeniu w „Mahabharacie”
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza, 2008) Sachse, Joanna
    In the article the author discusses the virtue of forgiveness with which the perfect Brahmin Vasishtha is endowed (Mhbh. I 11, 165 and which is also highly valued by Yudhisthira (Mhbh. III 31, 26-36). Against this background the magic art of prati-smr(i)ti into which Yudhisthira was initiated by Vyasa (Mhbh. III 37, 25-35). An assumption is made that in it is concealed the art of forgiveness.
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    Z czego był dumny Halikarnas?
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza, 2008) Szastyńska-Siemion, Alicja
    The article presents and analyses the newly-found anonymous inscriptional elegiac poem on ancient Halikarnassos and his reasons of pride.
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    „Gotyckie” elementy w tragediach Seneki
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza, 2008) Pypłacz, Joanna
    In the present article I discuss the remarkable fact that many of the motifs to be found in Seneca’s tragedies – such as a horrible death, a madman, an obsession or some supernatural agent – are also to be found in abundance in the work of “Gothic” authors such as Ann Radcliffe and Edgar Allan Poe. Indeed, these motifs are now commonly considered to be the hallmark of the Gothic genre. I also analyse some of the techniques which Seneca uses to arouse fear and stimulate the reader’s imagination, comparing them with those used by Poe and other Gothic writers.
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    Koszmar Nazona
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza, 2008) Puk, Marlena
    In this article the author presents and briefy discusses a short story of Antonio Tabucchi entitled Sogno di Publio Ovidio Nasone, poeta e cortegiano, published in the collection of stories: Sogni di sogni. The novelist imagines Ovid transformed into a big butterfy coming back to Rome and describes the consequences of this metamorphosis.
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    Perypetie z leksyką Septuaginty
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza, 2008) Popowski, Remigiusz
    The Septuagint is a translation of Hebrew books of the Old Testament by Hellenised Jews in the area of Egypt (Alexandria) from ca. 250 till the end of the 2nd century B.C. It also contains several books in Greek and its text went through several revisions. The most valuable manuscripts of the Septuagint are Codex Vaticanus, Codex Sinaiticus and Codex Alexandrinus (4th and 5th centuries AD). Its edition with the New Testament was published in Venice by Aldus Manutius' press in 1518 but then the carefully prepared in Spain in six volumes Biblia Complutensis was awaiting Papal approval for a year. Apart from the Hebrew, Aramaic, Latin (Vulgate) versions it also contained the Greek version of the Septuagint. The frst Greek dictionary for the Septuagint was compiled by J.C. Biel in 1732–1740 (printed in the Hague, 1779–1780). J.F. Schleusner based on it (Leipzig 1784–1786) as did C.G. Bretschneider (Leipzig 1805). Later there were other attempts to compile such a dictionary, but to no effect. Only at the end of the 20th century two studies appeared independent of each other. One of them was prepared by F. Rehkopf (Göttingen 1989) and the other by J. Lust, E. Eynikel, K. Hauspie (1st edition Stuttgart 1992–1996). The vocabulary of the Septuagint causes much diffculty to lexicographers. First of all, it is a vocabulary of a translation not of the original works and is used in books (within the Septuagint), translated by various authors and at different periods of time and it was submitted to changes in later studies of the text (especially of Origenes), the translators' command of both the language of the original and that of the translation differed. For these and other reasons the lexis of the Septuagint contains, among other things, transliterations of Greek words, numerous neologisms, even more numerous neosemantisms, and it is also woven into the intricate syntax which is often incomprehensible. Thus a lexicographer faces a problem whether to defne words on the basis of the Hebrew substrate or to maintain their hitherto semantics as evidenced in the Greek classical and hellenistic literature. None of the hitherto compiled Greek dictionaries of the Septuagint is a fully capable tool for its effcient translation into any modern languages.
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    „Emmanuelis Alvari syntaxis” – przez dwa wieki
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza, 2008) Popiak, Wanda
    The paper briefy touches the Latin syntax elaborated by Emmanuel Alvares (1526–1582). The book was published in Poland in 1577 and was used in our schools till 1815. The author of the paper shows how the manual was employed in Poland with the passing of time.
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    Hermogenes z Tarsu. Starożytny, renesansowy i obecny wizerunek jego postaci
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza, 2008) Podbielski, Henryk
    This article is part of a larger study of Hermogenes’ works which will precede my translation of his main work in the field of rhetoric stylistics "De ideis". Based on the analysis of ancient evidence and modern studies, in this article an attempt is made to reconstruct the life and works on rhetoric of Hermogenes of Tarsus acting in the 2nd century A.D. and the reception of his work in the Byzantian Middle Ages during the Renaissance and nowadays.
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    Ummidia i Minicja. Dwa konterfekty niewieście Pliniusza Młodszego (Epist. VII 24; V 16)
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza, 2008) Pigoń, Jakub
    The paper analyses Pliny the Younger’s two descriptions of women, his letter VII 24, written after the death of the old aristocratic lady Ummidia Quadratilla, and V 16, refecting upon the premature end of a young girl, Minicia Marcella. In both these texts, the dead women play a prominent role and are given a detailed characterization (more sympathetic in the case of Minicia, more nuanced in the case of Ummidia), yet they are not the only, or even the most important, points of reference. In VII 24 it is Ummidia’s stern grandson who proves to be the letter’s main character, and his personality is revealed through the contrast with his joyful grandmother. In V 16 Pliny’s focus shifts from the girl to her father whose grief dominates the second part of the letter.
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