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- ItemThe use of Geographic Information Systems in the participatory management of a big city. Case study of Gdynia(Uniwersytet im. A. Mickiewicza w Poznaniu Wydział Nauk Społecznych, Instytut Filozofii UAM, 2016) Grzyś, PatrycjaThis paper examines the way of including society in decisionmaking processes within cities in the context of the ICT sector development and the usage of Geographical Information Systems (GIS). With universal access to information and increased possibilities of expression and gathering society’s opinion, it creates new forms of democracy that are conducive to participatory management especially in urban units. One of the tools used by the municipal government for the realization of the idea of participation is the Public Participatory GIS (PPGIS). In the first section of the text author focuses on the theoretical framework of social participation processes. Both on the processes of socio-economic transformation as well as on the legal conditions for participation in Poland. Afterwards, the author explains the idea of PPGIS and possibilities of its use in cities. Next section applies to a case study of Gdynia referring earlier theoretical considerations to specific urban practice. There has been described geosurveys technique that was carried out in the city. The text outlines the way of its implementation and its results in the context of the decision and policy-making processes in the big cities on the example of Gdynia. These considerations fit into the theme of creating the information society in the processes of city management, using participatory methods of Geographical Information Systems.
- ItemEditors & Editorial Board(Uniwersytet im. A. Mickiewicza w Poznaniu Wydział Nauk Społecznych, Instytut Filozofii UAM, 2016)
- ItemContents(Uniwersytet im. A. Mickiewicza w Poznaniu Wydział Nauk Społecznych, Instytut Filozofii UAM, 2016)
- ItemOpen innovation model within public research and innovation programmes(Uniwersytet im. A. Mickiewicza w Poznaniu Wydział Nauk Społecznych, Instytut Filozofii UAM, 2016) Bonecki, MateuszThe paper concerns the role of open innovation within public R&D&I programmes. The history of innovation management shows that the methods used to organize research and development work have evolved towards open innovation model. The first, original, concept of “open innovation” (Chesbrough) has been coined to explain how companies diversify technology sourcing and commercialization methods, and thus represents a perspective of industry. On the other hand, Open Innovation 2.0 approach emerged in the context of policy-making and displays features characteristic of innovation systems theory. It enables a more indepth analysis of interactions between different types of actors involved in innovation process and complex R&D ecosystems.
- ItemCognitive dimensions of public space(Uniwersytet im. A. Mickiewicza w Poznaniu Wydział Nauk Społecznych, Instytut Filozofii UAM, 2016) Błaszak, MaciejThe paper presents a new approach to cognitive aspects of public space based on the Bayesian framework for cognition. According to it, cognition is powered by hypothesis-testing brain, constantly minimizing its prediction error. Expectations the brain generates can be analyzed at three different levels of organization: (1) neural implementation, comprising of three distinctive cortical networks, (2) mental computation, consisting of three parts of the Bayes’ rule, and (3) social behavior inside three different social networks. Properly designed the public space can be part of the extended mind of its inhabitants, enhancing or substituting their brains’ activity.