Ruch Prawniczy, Ekonomiczny i Socjologiczny, 1994, nr 3


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    Powiązania Akademii Ekonomicznej w Poznaniu z Uniwersytetem im. Adama Mickiewicza
    (Wydział Prawa i Administracji UAM, 1994) Knakiewicz, Zenobia
    The paper presents the contribution of the University in the development of the School of Economics has been outlined. In particular, this contribution manifested itself in the following: 1) provision of a number of professors and lecturers over the last dozen of years; 2) academic education provided to the students, mainly of economy, out of whom a number turned out to become individual researchers and scientists; 3) longtime support given to the School founders in their attempts to obtain academic rights for the School. Those links and collaboration initiated in the past proved long term and stable. They are reflected, among others in a jointly published scientific quarterly Legal, Economic and Sociological Review. Among those personalities of merit who rendered particularly valuable services were: Edward Taylor, an outstanding teacher, academic guide to a number of future scholars in economy and creator of Poznań Economic School, Antoni Peretiakiewicz, an excellent organiser of the School's activity at its initial stage, and Józef Górski, a talented organiser of the School's life at the stage of system transformations. The final part of the paper describes the manner in which the School's debt towards the academic society is currently being repaid.
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    Podstawowe zmiany w prawie spółdzielczym w świetle projektowanej ustawy
    (Wydział Prawa i Administracji UAM, 1994) Niedbała, Zdzisław
    The paper focuses on the fundamental elements of a draft of a bill (Seym paper 158) which brings about modifications to the "Cooperative Law" of 1982, and subsequent modifications of the draft.
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    Pozycja nasciturusa na obszarze majątkowego prawa prywatnego
    (Wydział Prawa i Administracji UAM, 1994) Dyoniak, Andrzej
    Nasciturus acquires property title on condition that it is born alive (Article 8 para. 2 of the civil code). This is conditio iuris... A conceived child may be an heir at-law or testamentary. However, a conceived child cannot assume the inheritance. During the period before the child is born, fatherhood may be established and claim for child maintenance may be filed. Nasciturus may become a party in civil and legal contracts. However, no property may be transferred in its favour. The parents act as statutory representatives of a child, also before the child is born. In the case of artificial insemination with the use of an AID or an implant of an embryo into the womb of a woman who is not the genetic mother — the latter one and the husband giving consent to AID become, according to the laws, the legal parents of the child so conceived and born. For purposes of propei'ty title rights acquired by a nasciturus, the conception is deemed to have taken place at the moment when the fertilised egg settles in the womb.
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    Transformacja gospodarki polskiej po pięciu latach - 1989 - 1994
    (Wydział Prawa i Administracji UAM, 1994) Wilczyński, Wacław
    The subject of the paper is a qualitative analysis and an attempt to evaluate the level of transformation of the Polish economy five years after the government stabilisation programme' was implemented at the end of 1989. The programme was also known as Leszek Balcerowicz's programme, who was deputy Prime Minister at the time. The essential question to be answered now is: to what extent have the basic pi-inciples of market economy (stable, convertible currency, market mechanisms as the main form of the functioning of the economy, and privatisation of the economy being the condition of a microeconomic rationality) have been implemented. The fact is that the private sector has gained a dominant position and therefore it can be said that the threshold towards market economy has been passed. And yet, the overall level of transformations is not satisfactory. A strong 'non-market' sector related to the state industiy, closed to market economy principles and demanding central planning is still there. It is also feared that this 'duality of systems' in which the state assumes the role of 'director' of an economic system based on two sets of principles, which obviously has a negative influence on the efficiency of any economic activity, will get even better established. High inflation and consequently expensive credit facilities discourage from investing; public finances deteriorate, public debt is increasing. The State has limited possibilities of action. What is more, there is a strong opposition to the privatisation of large state owned enterprises which continue to be centrally financed, regardless of their performance and results. All this clearly shows that the conditions of a successful completion of the transformation process in Poland are as follows: 1) the duality of systems has to be overcome, and the State must assume a role of a sovereign; 2) inflation must be combatted more efficiently and budgetaiy spending must be further reduced; 3) privatisation must be accelerated, and microeconomic rationality must be consistently implemented in the State sector. These are the necessary conditions for investment expansion and the economy being able to regain its capabilities of producing economic surplus.
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    Czynniki i poziomy analizy w badaniach konsumpcji żywności
    (Wydział Prawa i Administracji UAM, 1994) Sojkin, Bogdan
    The paper outlines basic types of investigation of the determinants of food consumption. Particular attention has been drawn to the necessity of carrying out the analysis of food consumption on different levels: micro, mezo and macro. This approach enables us to differentiate between different levels of the influence of individual determinants depending on the assumed level of analysis.
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    Od systemu scentralizowanego zarządzania regionów do systemu samorządów terytorialnych w krajach postkomunistycznych. Przypadek Polski
    (Wydział Prawa i Administracji UAM, 1994) Calzoni, Giuseppe
    The author describes changes in the administrative division of the Polish territory from the perspective of the possibilities of having this system adopted to regional structures established in West European countries. Special interest is given to the aspect of the formation of provinces, districts and regions and their relation to other European structures.
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    Ubezpieczenie chorobowe w Republice Federalnej Niemiec i reformy z roku 1989 i 1993
    (Wydział Prawa i Administracji UAM, 1994) Zerche, Jürgen
    The author presents a synthetic overview of the economic, social and technical aspects of the organisation of medical insurance in the Federal Republic of Germany and the reforms carried out in the last decade. VaHous costs related to different solutions of the problem of social welfare in the scope of health care have been analysed in detail.
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    Religijność wielkomiejskiej parafii w świetle badań monograficznych
    (Wydział Prawa i Administracji UAM, 1994) Balcerek, Grzegorz
    The paper presents results of a sociological study devoted to the religious life of one of the Roman-Catholic parishes in Poznań, which reveals the characteristics of a period of fast urbanisation. The parishioners consist in part of former subuirban population and in part of inhabitants of large housing districts created after the second world war in consequence of intensive industrialisation of Poznań. The research was based on a modified questionnaire developed by the Department of Sociology of the Catholic University in Lublin. 524 randomly chosen parishioners were questioned on the matters related to faith (intensity, motivation, attitude to religious practices, changes in religious attitudes and behaviours), frequency and type of religious practices followed, elements of faith and knowledge of religion, morality and the feeling of belonging to the church.
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    Spis treści RPEiS 56(3), 1994
    (Wydział Prawa i Administracji UAM, 1994)
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    Jubileusz 75-lecia Poznańskiego Wydziału Prawa
    (Wydział Prawa i Administracji UAM, 1994) Borkowska - Bagieńska, Ewa; Błażejczak, Bogdan; Łączkowski, Wojciech; Ziembiński, Zygmunt; Janowicz, Zbigniew; Olszewski, Henryk
    This set of papers comprises the speech, made by the Professor Ewa Borkowska Bagieńska, Dean of the Faculty of Law and Administration, Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań, on the occasion of the jubilee, in which she outlined the origin, history and contemporary development of the Faculty. It also includes articles devoted to the merits of five deceased Professors who may be considered the most eminent personalities of the Faculty of Law and Administration. They were: Prof. Zygmunt Wojciechowski, historian, specialist in the history of the Polish State and Law, co-creator of Poznań Historic School, founder of the Western Institute and a great politician, Professor Edward Taylor, an outstanding economist, teacher of many scholars, Professor Czesław Znamierowski, philosopher, theoretician, specialist in the law, sociologist and moralist, Professor Marian Zimmermann, linking with the heritage of the European science of administrative law, and Professor Alfred Ohanowicz, eminent specialist in civil law, editor-in-chief and later honourary editor of the Ruch Prawniczy, Ekonomiczny i Socjologiczny published by the Faculty.
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    Giełda towarowa a sprawność funkcjonowania rynku
    (Wydział Prawa i Administracji UAM, 1994) Strojny, Szymon
    In consequence of the change in the economic conditions which took place in Poland in 1989, the management of a company had to undergo necessary transformations as well. In a competitive environment, companies were forced to develop marketing strategies as well as seek new solutions and improvements within the company itself, such as better management of the raw materials or more cost effective production. The introduction of basic market economy principles have resulted in the establishment of a number of new institutions typical of this new economic system. They include banks, stock and securities exchanges, auctions and commodity exchanges. The development of the banking sector has been particularly significant since the beginning of the nineties. Similarly, the Warsaw Stock Exchange enjoys considerable popularity among investors. However, while the former develop so rapidly, the system of commodity exchanges is still inadequate. And yet, it is the commodity exchange that has many functions in the economy, to mention a few like the packing and repacking of goods or the balancing of the time period between the completion of the production process and the moment of the sale of manufactured goods. Therefore, it is becoming increasingly important that appropriate legal regulations are formulated, which would determine and legalise the operations of commodity exchanges in Poland. A commodity exchange, being an integral element of a market economy, should play a considerable role in the improvement of the functioning and efficiency of the Polish market.
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    Rynek lokalny w gospodarce żywnościowej
    (Wydział Prawa i Administracji UAM, 1994) Grajkowski, Jarosław
    The paper focuses on the concept of a local market development in food economy (FE). Our considerations let us establish the vital role of a local market in FE, which is mainly a result of the special character of agriculture. The conditioning in which the market develops has been identified and the specific character of agricultural production and resulting from it necessity of a global approach to food economy have been emphasised. The main detemiinants of the local factors, i.e. the economic policy, the infrastructure of the village and agriculture as well as the market information system have been presented. They formed the basis on which a concept of a local market in FE and a strategy of its development have been proposed. An attempt has been made to refer the proposed concept to local markets in selected communes of Bydgoszcz province. The comparison of the factual state of affairs with the desired model has made us aware of the long way which we are still facing.
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    Nowa metoda badań prawa ochrony środowiska w USA
    (Wydział Prawa i Administracji UAM, 1994) Równy, Kazimierz
    The paper refers to vast collective work "Environmental Law: from resources to recovery". It describes the basic assumptions of the new concept of environmental protection which advocate the consideration of the whole of the industrial production process. In particular, the hazards of randomly granted permits allowing the excavation of natural resources, and the necessity of taking measures to prevent pollution well before the production cycle starts, are highlighted.
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    Przegląd piśmiennictwa RPEiS 56(3), 1994
    (Wydział Prawa i Administracji UAM, 1994)
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    Sprawozdania i informacje RPEiS 56(3), 1994
    (Wydział Prawa i Administracji UAM, 1994)
Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu
Biblioteka Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu
Ministerstwo Nauki i Szkolnictwa Wyższego