Studia Romanica Posnaniensia, 2004, vol. 31

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    Les traits balkaniques du subjonctif roumain
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu, 2004) Cychnerski, Tomasz
    This paper aims to determine the Balkan features of the Roumanian subjunctive mood. The Balkanism is defined here as a linguistic unit which is peculiar to languages of the southeastern Europe, but does not characterize any other Indo-European language. In comparison with the subjunctive mood in French (and in other Western Romance languages), the Roumanian subjunctive mood can be considered a Balkanism. The features which unite it to the subjunctive mood in Albanian and Modern Greek (its frequency, its predominant syntactic nature and its null semantic invariant) are favourable to such classification.
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    La naturaleza del verbo de las colocaciones verbonominales con 'dar'
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu, 2004) Bustos Plaza, Alberto
    It has often been stated that Spanish combinations such as dar un beso ('to give a kiss'), dar un paseo ('take a walk') etc. contain a grammaticalized verb whose function consists in conjugating an abstract noun. A comparison with the equivalent Latin combinations does not provide any evidence of the hypothesized grammaticalization process. The grammatical status of the verb is not confirmed either by parameters such as Lehmann's (1985, 1995). Those are reasons to reconsider the hypothesis of the grammaticalization of this verb
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    El presente en función del futuro en polaco y en español
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu, 2004) Perlin, Jacek
    In both Polish and Spanish languages a possibility exists to use the present tense to express a future action of state. In this paper some remarks about the differences in reference to this phenomenon between the mentioned tongues have been presented. Polish language when compared to Spanish reveals more restrictions, it means there are fewer possibilities of using present tense. In Spanish when the context permits to determine the future moment the present tense can always be used.
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    ¿El atributo o el complemento predicativo?
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu, 2004) Pawlik, Janusz
    The purpose of this paper is to examine the difference between the complement and the so-called predicative complement in Spanish. Traditionally grammarians distinguish in this language the predicative complement as a different syntactic function due to the existence of some specific, typically Spanish, constructions in which the subject and the verb are complemented at the same time. We hereby intend to find out if this double modification is the real feature of the predicative complement.
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    Acerca de los predicados uni- y bimodoaccionales (sobre las relaciones entre la estructura valencial y la aktionsart)
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu, 2004) Pawlak, Aneta
    This article is meant to present a new method of analysing the Aktionsart of predicates. There are a few factors which are taken into account: the valency's structure and the arguments' structure of the predicate; the nature of the subject and the direct object; and finally, the influence of some adverbial complements. All these elements ought to be thoroughly studied to determine a complete interpretation of the predicate's Aktionsart.
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    Sobre el status gramatical del aspecto y sus relaciones con las propiedades temporales y accionales
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu, 2004) Nowikow, Wiaczesław
    The aim of this paper is to present the following three questions: a) the grammatical status of the Aspect; b) the relations of this category to temporal properties (Tense); c) the relations of the Aspect to actional properties (Aktionsart). The author makes a typological-comparative analysis of the above-mentioned categories and relations in the modern Spanih and Polish and explains the differences and coincidences between these languages in the matter of the temporality and aspectuality.
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    Inflection and derivation in verbal morphology: a borderline case from agglutinative languages.
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu, 2004) Nkollo, Mikołaj
    The present paper focuses on the linguistic status of causative formatives in Kazakh verbal morphology. In Kazakh traditional grammars, these morphological elements are claimed to represent factitive voice. Hence, they are viewed as an instance of inflection. This point of view is subject to thorough investigation. It is argued that word's single occurrence cannot cumulate several values of one grammatical category (e.g. nouns are never doubly marked for the category of number, adjectives are never carriers of more than one value within the category of degree, etc.). Kazakh verbs, in their turn, are able to contain the factitive and passive (or reflexive) morpheme at a time. The reason of this compatibility lies in merely derivational (non-categorial) nature of causative modifiers in verbal morphology of Kazakh language.
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    Aproximación semántica a la gramática de "ponerse" y "quedarse"
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu, 2004) Morimoto, Yuko; Pavón Lucero, Victoria
    Our purpose here is to explain the semantic differences between the Spanish pseudo-copular verbs ponerse and quedarse, which both express a change of state. We will distinguish two different constructions with quedarse: 1. with predicates like atónito, de piedra, etc. which express a punctual inchoative event; 2. with predicates like calvo, sin fuerzas, etc. which express a punctual event that delimits the end of a gradual change of state. The verb ponerse denotes a punctual or gradual inchoative event. These aspectual differences lead to different combination properties of these verbs, (i.e., {*ponerse/quedarse} delgado vs. (ponerse/*quedarse} gordo).
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    As propriedades do verbo e a inversão
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu, 2004) Mikołajczak, Sylwia
    The article aims to present basic verb properties engaged in the process of inversion. In Portuguese, that is a language with a null-subject parameter, the inversion seems to be more related to the proper verb rather than subject characteristics. We differentiate semantic features of a verb which categorise the verbs expressing movement, 'entry in the scene', and psychological ones as the classes of verbs prompted to inversion. The semantic features of the differentiated categories relate to syntactic inversion favouring intransitive and inaccusative verbs. Last but not least, the information and communicative factors place the verbs in the sentence initial position, opposite to the subject rhematic elements.
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    La identificación de las unidades léxicas integrantes de las medioestructuras semánticas de los verbos
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu, 2004) Mehlberg, Martin
    Most verbs exhibit a range of different conventionalized meanings (lexical units), which form the so-called mediostructure of the verb. Based on the model of Lexical Syntax (Subirais, 2001), we will outline a possible identification procedure for these various lexical units. This procedure consists in determining the class of linear projection and of syntactic redundancy to which the lexical unit in question belongs.
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    Los imperfectos de subjuntivo y la reestructuración del sistema verbal español afínales del siglo de oro
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu, 2004) Luquet, Gilles
    A historical analysis of the Spanish verb shows that the transition between the classical system and the modern system is characterized by two disappearances: the future subjunctive and the contrast between cantara and cantase. The present paper aims to show that: 1) abandoning the use of the future subjunctive has led directly to abandoning the contrast between cantara and cantase; 2) by the end of the classical period cantara was a form which was "programmed" to replace cantase; 3) in the modern and contemporary verbal system, cantara remains the same as in the classical system. Even if its referential capacities have somewhat altered, it remains the same single linguistic sign. This paper is based on a modal theory which differs the traditional contrast between indicative an subjunctive.
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    Discurso egocéntrico frente a discurso cooperativo: Hombres, mujeres y verbos
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu, 2004) López González, Antonio María
    D. Tannen (1990) defines women's cooperative discourse versus men's egocentric discourse. Relating to the use of verbs, both kinds of discourse are characterized by a different use of the persons of conjugation, a lexically and semantically different selection of verbs and also diverse syntactic use of verbs. In this article, I show how both kinds of discourses appear in the broadcasting media, focusing on the use of verbs.
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    Construcciones verbales en el discurso de la genómica. Tipología verbal y discurso científico
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu, 2004) Lorente Casafont, Mercè
    Based on the linguistic approach of the Communicative Theory of Terminology, this paper, focuses on the semantic classification of verbs taken as a sample of the Human Genome discourse in the Spanish language, in order to describe specialized lexical units and codify verbal lemmas on computational dictionaries for specialized corpora processing and information retrieval. The semantic classifícation proposals of verbs come from Levin (1993) and the CLIPS project (ILC-CNR, Pisa).
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    El problema de definición de la perífrasis verbal en español (dudas y contradicciones)
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu, 2004) Lisyová, Ol'ga
    The theme of this contribution originated from contradictory understanding of the conception of periphrastic verbal constructions by different linguists. In spite of the fact that most of the grammars consider as being periphrastic the constructions consisting of a rigid form of the full-meaning verb (infinitivo, gerundio, participio pasado), they diverge in the definition of the auxiliary verb. We discuss the substantiation to name various verbal constructions as periphrastic. We come from the basic definition of the periphrasis as a descriptive expression, the semantic significance of which is formed by a synthesis of its constituents, but not by the constituents themselves.
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    El verbo de las oraciones escindidas: implicaciones teóricas
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu, 2004) Linde-Usiekniewicz, Jadwiga
    The paper discusses some possible implications arising from the fact that in Spanish all kinds of cleft sentences are apparently pseudo-clefts and both the linking verb and the verb of the relative clause may agree with the clefted subject and possibly object.
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    El sistema verbal de la interlengua de los aprendices polacos de español
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu, 2004) Fernández Jódar, Raúl
    The article analyses the verbal system of Polish learners of Spanish interlanguage at three different levels of communicative competence. We also expound on how the description of interlanguage can influence the syllabus on which the courses of Spanish as a foreign language addressed to speakers of Polish are based.
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    La polisemia verbal - intento de explicación con la ayuda de los verbos de movimiento
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu, 2004) Jansen, Silke
    In Spanish, motion verbs are among the verbs that show most polysemic variation. Apart from being used in a literal sense, they also appear in periphrastical expressions that encode temporal and aspectual information. The article shows how the grammatical value of motion verbs is deduced from their lexical meaning, and how both meanings can be distinguished on a formal level due to formal restrictions imposed on certain versions that appear when the grammatical meaning stands in contradiction to some aspects of the lexical meaning.
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    As prífrases verbais em português. Algumas incompatibilidades semânticas na construção de um valor aspectual
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu, 2004) Hlibowicka-Węglarz, Barbara
    Verbal periphrases are one of the most representative ways of expression of the category of aspect in the Portuguese language. The purpose of this article is to present how the periphrases compose the aspectual value of expressions. Moreover the author indicates some semantic incompatibilities, which arise between particular elements forming together one periphrase and different elements forming whole expressions.
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    Estructuras auxiliares en contacto: tener + el acuerdo (in)variable del participio en el español de Asturias occidental
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu, 2004) Gupton, Timothy
    The Galician language presents certain peculiarities in its use of ter + participle, allowing for variable agreement of the participle when preceding the verbal complement, yet prohibiting it when following the complement. The consequence of such an auxiliary system upon spoken and written Spanish, in areas in which the two languages cohabit, has yet to be examined. I will show that the regional tongue, Eonavian Galician, spoken in the town of Navia and surrounding areas (Principality of Asturias, Spain), although rapidly disappearing, has affected an analogous and similar system in Spanish, thus creating forms that would be otherwise unacceptable in Standard Spanish and provide syntactic analyses.
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    La expansión sintáctica del verbo en catalán: propuesta de sistematización
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu, 2004) Ginebra Serrabou, Jordi; Montserrat Ciurana, Anna
    Syntactic information has been traditionally neglected in lexicographical compendia. This paper seeks to show what aspects of syntax have to be taken into account when planning a verbs dictionary and how this information can be offered systematically to guide normal users in building correct messages. To exemplify both these initial problems and how to solve them, we use the workfiles of the only dictionary on verbal information, the Diccionari d'ús dels verbs Catalans, published in 1999, of which we are the authors.
Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu
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