ItemPatterns of errors in the Swedish of Polish learners: Evidence from written Swedish(Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM, 1992) Malecza, ElżbietaThe author analyses the most typical errors in the Swedish of Polish learners. The analysis has been restricted to accounting for patterns which can be explained by negative interlingual interference. The errors have been divided into two groups: structural and lexico-semantic and supplied with numerous examples drawn from compositions and written exercises of various types of Polish learners. Errors in patterns of communicative competence are also dealt with. The analysis has been carried out in a traditional way and the emphasis has been put on its practical value. ItemThe principle of association in the use of the definite article in English and Swedish(Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM, 1992) Budziszewski, ArkadiuszIn the first part of the paper the mechanism of association in the use of the definite article is presented. The author also accounts for the most common types of relations between things associated with each other. In the remaining part, the use of the principle of association in English noun phrases is discussed. The author demonstrates that.there is a formal difference between the two languages in the way of expressing the definiteness of a referent. ItemTautonyme Personenbezeichnungen auf -ist im Dänischen und -ist(a) bzw. -yst(a) im Polnischen(Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM, 1992) Rajnik, EugeniuszThe paper deals with the word-formation analysis of Danish personal nouns in -ist and their formal counterparts in -ist/a/ and yst/a/ in Polish. The analysis is based on Bzd;ga’s binary model. * The Danish suffix -ist is usually tacked on to nouns though some deadjectival derivatives can also be found. Some personal nouns with the above suffixes have parallel forms with the same meaning. Some Danish personal nouns in -ist have no Polish equivalents though there exist relevant bases in Polish. Numerous Polish derivatives in -ist/a / and -yst/a/ are rendered by compounds in Danish. ItemEin Textkorpus der geschriebenen dänischen Gegenwartssprache(Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM, 1992) Bergenholitz, HenningThe paper deals with the main problems of word corpus studies. It includes a general survey of Danish word corpora compiled so far as well as it informs of the present stage of word corpus studies in Denmark. ItemWord-Formation Description and Morphological Status of Intensifiers in Norwegian(Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM, 1992) Skommer, GrzegorzThe author analyses the morphological status of some Norwegian prefixes and first-words of compounds which convey the semantic feature of intensification: The status is hard to establish due to the incessant process of transition of independent words into affixes. After discussing the complex nature of word-formation analysis the author puts forward a hypothesis that the primary concern of word-formation studies should be meaning. ItemEtt bidrag till teorin om det svenska perfektums utveckling(Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM, 1992) Sadalska, GenowefaAn attempt is made to account for the development of the Swedish perfect tense. The analysis is based on Kuiylowicz’s theory on the origin of temporal categories. The Swedish perfect tense is derived from periphrastic present constructions which denote present states resulting from past events. The constructions tend to develop the temporal meaning of Past (Praeteritality while gradually reducing that of Present (Presentavity). This development is caused by the processes of delexicalization and grammaticalization. The Swedish perfect tense, however, has not yet reached the stage of pure Praeteritality though in certain contexts it can already be determined by temporal adverbs primarily referring to the Past. ItemOn translating titles of literary works(Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM, 1992) Adwedyk, SławaIn the paper translations of titles of literaiy works are discussed. The author analyses translations of titles of some Norwegian novels into Polish. The first part of the paper describes the distinction between translation of formal and dynamic equivalence. The analysis has been focused on one aspect, namely, whether the Polish title has an equivalent effect on the receptors. ItemThe position of Vang church, alias Wang Temple (Karpacz, Poland), in Norwegian stave church literature(Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM, 1992) Lange, Tadeusz W.The author presents shortly the history of Vang stave church from Valdres, now situated in Karpacz (Poland), the only Norwegian stave church to be found outside the Norwegian borders. The aim of the paper has been to examine critically the place of Vang church in stave church literature over the last 150 years. The paper also includes a complete bibliography of the church. ItemLady or mermaid? An Essay on Ibsen’s “The Lady from the Sea”(Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM, 1992) Christensen, ArneIn the paper some aspects of Ibsen’s “The Lady from the Sea” are presented. The author discusses a radio version of the drama made by the Norwegian director Hans Heiberg, and compares it with Ibsen’s original text. ItemJohan Ludvig Runebergs idyllische Wirklichkeit. Einige Bemerkungen zum Frühwerk(Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM, 1992) Mrozewicz, BolesławIn the paper the early works of J.L.Runeberg, the Finnish national romantic, are analysed. The paper presents Runebeig’s idealistic and romantic views on the Finns and the Finnish reality in the first half of the 19th century. Runeberg developed his opinions in the years 1823-26 which he spent among common people of Saarijärvi parish. In his early works Runeberg gave a , picture of an idealistic utopia in which all conflicts disappeared and everyone and eveiything lived in total harmony. ItemDer Lehrstuhl für Skandinavistik und das Studium der skandinavischen Philologie an der Universität Poznan(Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM, 1992) Awedykowa, Sława; Rajnik, Eugeniusz ItemSweden and the question of Poland’s independence (1914–1918)(Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM, 1992) Piotrowski, BernardThe author claims that the question of Poland’s independence was of great political interest to the Swedes of World War I, especially to Swedish activists who collaborated with Germany. The Polish question was seen in the wider context of aspiration of the Baltic “oppressed peoples”. A number of eminent Swedes openiy demanded that the right to independent state existence be granted to Poland. The author also discusses the role of various organizations (e.g. the League of Peoples Oppressed by Russia and Information Office “Polonia”) active in Stockholm at that time.