Studia Metodologiczne, 2013, nr 30

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    Demokratyzacja debaty publicznej nad medycyną niekonwencjonalną
    (Wydawnictwo UAM, 2013) Nowak, Andrzej W.
    Article discusses problem of public debate on alternative medicine. Following B. Latour author claim that our public sphere still can be described by so called „modernist constitution”. Latour holds that distinction between political representation belonging to society and epistemological representation belonging to nature is one of the modern constitution’s most important dichotomies. In article author claims that discussion with alternative medicine should not be conducted from theoretical position (philosophy of science), because is still entangled in modernist presumptions. Instead author propose „lowering the tone” (S. Shapin) and focuses on social practice. Author suggest that we should try to think about alternative medicine outside of „modernist constitution”. Social Studies of Science shows clearly that if we succeed in this task,alternative medicine can be a useful allies in a process of democratization of science and medicine.
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    Aspekty normatywne i metodologiczne ekologii stosowanej - na styku nauki i polityki
    (Wydawnictwo UAM, 2013) Dereniowska, Małgorzata
    The urgency of environmental protection generates a growing demand for scientific information. The science-policy interface raises new challenges for the conventional model of the role of science. Consequently, the methodological status of some ecological concepts is under transformation. The normative characteristics of these concepts entail serious practical consequences, raising doubts about their possible misuse to legitimize political interests. This paper analyzes the above problem in relation to the concepts of ecosystem health, ecological stability, and integrity. The aim is to illuminate value-based components and investigate the relationship between the scientific and extrascientific components of these concepts.
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    O pojęciu bioetyki. Refleksja nad jej genezą i statusem metodologicznym
    (Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM, 2013) Paś, Andrzej
    Abstrakt Gdy dokonamy analizy problematyki stosunkowo nowo powstałej dyscypliny, jaką jest bioetyka, to jednocześnie zauważymy, iż w swoim przedmiocie badań (zachowanie moralne człowieka) pokrywa się ustaleniami metodologicznymi z etyką. Jednakże wydaje się, iż w tej kwestii istnieje dosyć zasadnicza rozbieżność. Skoro bioetyka ma sięgać do podstaw życia biologicznego człowieka, to musi ująć w swojej analizie całą gamę rozwoju zachowania społecznego, którego finalnym „rezultatem” jest kategoria osoby ludzkiej- interpretowana jako istota bioetyczna.
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    Wykonawcze teorie konfabulacji i ich krytyka
    (Wydawnictwo UAM, 2013) Reuter, Magdalena
    Confabulations are ill-grounded beliefs. One of the types of confabulation are memory confabulations. A lot of contemporary theories of confabulations are based on executive processes. It is said that confabulations are consequence of dysfunction of two systems: (1) epistemic system and (2) executive system (Hirstein, 2005). Dysfunction of the second system means that belief or mental representation is not corrected. Philosopher Dalla Barba argues with executive theories of confabulation, because he claims that acceptance of the thesis about existence of unconscious monitoring processes leads to homunculus paradox. He proposes new explanation of memory confabulations in categories of temporal consciousness and knowledge consciousness. In the article I argue that not all of the cognitive scientists think that the concept of homunculus is inadequate to the description of the brain functioning. In this connection Dalla Barba’s critique not necessarily reveals actual weaknesses of executive theories of confabulations.
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    Problemy metodologiczne w badaniach nad związkiem pomiędzy religijnością a zdrowiem
    (Wydawnictwo UAM, 2013) Pawlikowski, Jakub
    The article presents the most important methodological problems, which appear in the research on the relationship between religiosity and health. It describes matters concerning the definition of religiosity, and spirituality and the research methods used in measuring them (indicating those that would be most appropriate for the Polish society). Finally, the article discusses the difficulties concerning the cause-and-effect relationship between religiosity and health, and the difficulties connected to creating a theoretical model explaining the mechanisms of influence of religiosity on health.