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- ItemSAMODZIELNOŚĆ ŻYCIOWA - WYBÓR I KONIECZNOŚĆ(Wydział Prawa i Administracji UAM, 2005) Żurek, AldonaThe recent changes in social life have brought about differentiated attitudes that adults adopt in relation to family life. One of the consequences is an increasing percentage of those who remain single, a phenomenon observed among seniors as well as the younger generation. Many of those from the latter group choose to remain single because they place a career higher than marriage. A decision to remain single is now much more frequently a choice between staying independent and autonomous and being a member of a small family. This, however, does not mean that the institution of marriage and family is no longer approved. Singles under forty declare an intention to start a family. However, if staying single continues, singles value their freedom and independence even more and refuse to resign from them. This choice is not a very difficult one since staying single does not have to mean loneliness. Singles maintain extensive social relations. They can relay, in critical situations, on their families of origin or their circles of friends. Paradoxically, as it seems, resigning from a family life in favour of independence and freedom, is not equal to resignation from the cultural, social or material resources which a group may offer.
- ItemPOSTAWY MŁODZIEŻY AKADEMICKIEJ MIASTA POZNANIA WOBEC INSTYTUCJI MAŁŻEŃSTWA(Wydział Prawa i Administracji UAM, 2005) Ignatczyk, WalentynaThe results of a survey conducted among Poznan students in the years 2002-2003 carried out to determine their preferences when it comes to the choice: career or family life, their attitudes to the institution of marriage, their preferred age to get married and the hierarchy of family values are presented. The results of the survey confirm the hypothesis that the institution of marriage still prevails. As many as 89.6 of the respondents indicated an intention to get married; they also placed family before career. At the same time, however, the young people are very sensitive to economic difficulties - 84% said that economic hardships might modify the attitudes they expressed in the survey. Consequently, it is expected that the number of informal, long-term or short-term relations between young people will be growing, especially since most students show a liberal attitude in that respect. The results o f the recent survey as well as those of the one carried out a few years earlier confirm that the changing attitudes to marriage among young people are being shaped by the economic factor. To stop or change that, adequate social policy and the state’s pro-family policy will be necessary.
- ItemCZYM JEST SPOŁECZEŃSTWO INFORMACYJNE?(Wydział Prawa i Administracji UAM, 2005) Golka, MarianAlthough each society, in order to function efficiently, must base its activities on certain information, modern societies are uniform in that respect insofar that all information related to the production, turnover or transfer of messages is based on digital information transmitted using computer technologies and internet facilities. In this way, a global information society is born. This new society has many new features that constitute a complex syndrome presented in the paper. The practical functioning of the information society is based on the use of electronic mail, availability of websites offering different types of information, electronic data bases, electronic purchases, possibilities of distant employment and provision of services, educational opportunities and many others. On the other hand, however, the internet may facilitate a number of criminal behaviours, pornography and terrorism, and, also, begging. Digital media are still at the developing stage and their impact on humanity in the future cannot be easily foreseen. There is only hope that the positive mechanisms are strengthened and the negative eliminated. It is important to ensure that the information society does not turn into an inhumane creation.
- ItemKONTROWERSJE WOKÓŁ PROBLEMÓW PODZIAŁU(Wydział Prawa i Administracji UAM, 2005) Szopa, BogumiłaIn the context of the „Asian Miracle”, the end of the 20th century witnessed a revolution in income distribution, which consequently brought about verification of the rather widely recognised and accepted relationship: effectiveness or equality. At the same time it raised (and not only among economists) an increased interest in income distribution, emphasising the role of social stability in the processes of economic transformation. This, in turn, has led to a new perception of the economic and social phenomena, including the impact of the state policy.
- ItemREKOMENDACJE DLA STRATEGII FIRM POLSKICH WOBEC EKSPANSJI INWESTORÓW ZAGRANICZNYCH(Wydział Prawa i Administracji UAM, 2005) Gorynia, Marian; Jankowska, BarbaraThe paper is an attempt to define some practical recommendations which Polish companies could adopt in view of growing competition resulting from foreign investments in Poland. The proposed strategies are based on the results of an empirical research which was financed by the State Committee for Scientific Research in Poland. The project examined the strategies that had already been used by Polish companies in respect on the foreign competitors and foreign capital entering the Polish market in a variety of legal forms, with a special focus on direct investments. Selected actual cases of market competition described in professional publications are also discussed. The opinions presented in the paper have been grounded on those economic theories and doctrines which seem to gaining popularity and often serve as the foundation of the strategies, which are being adopted by many enterprises. The conclusion offered is rather optimistic, as Polish enterprises as seen to be confronting foreign competitors from a position that is not, ex definitione, a lost one. However, successful strategies should be based on carefully developed sources of a competitive advantage.