ItemPraca socjalna i poradnictwo prawne w pomocy rodzinom dysfunkcyjnym(Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM, 2016) Rajewska de Mezer, JoannaThe influence of parents, families on the development of the individual and social identity of their child is extremely important. In the process of primary socialization, child acquires patterns of social roles, which modifying plays in its adulthood. Dysfunctional family is not able to perform its functions (socialization, educational, protective) properly, what can be harmful for children. In order to prevent child from the negative effects of dysfunction, family should be covered with a professional help. This assistance should base on the principle of subsidiarity and stimulates family to cooperation and activity in the exit of a difficult situation. Support in this area provide social assistance entities, using social work and legal advice. This form of support can equip the beneficiary professional knowledge, allow him to realize the cause of the problem. It has also educational character. ItemSprawozdanie z Międzynarodowej Konferencji Naukowo-Szkoleniowej „Profilaktyka i promocja zdrowia psychicznego dzieci i młodzieży w placówkach oświatowych” 1 – 2 grudnia 2016 roku(Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM, 2016) Jarmużek, Joanna; Cytlak, Izabela ItemSprawozdanie z Konferencji Naukowej „O różnych drogach doskonalenia zdrowia. Konteksty medyczne, psychopedagogiczne, kulturowe” 1 grudnia 2016 roku(Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM, 2016) Kasperek-Golimowska, Ewa ItemMARIAN SURDACKI, Opieka społeczna w Polsce do końca XVIII wieku, Towarzystwo Naukowe Katolickiego Uniwersytetu Lubelskiego Jana Pawła II, Lublin 2016, ss. 638(Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM, 2016) Bednarz-Grzybek, Renata ItemConservative Perceptions for a Changing Reality. A Critical Look at the Professional Development of School Principals in Israel(Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM, 2016) Nets, MaliAs a part of the worldwide trend, in Israel the issues of accountability in management, the school improvement, and the learners’ achievements are topics on the public agenda. In the attempt to address these challenges, Israel implemented a reform in the professional development of the principals, which was applied to the system with the establishment of the School Leadership Institute, Avnei Rosha (2007). The theoretical model of the professional development is based on the career stages approach, which originated in the research studies on the career circles of teachers and principals. These models examined characteristics of different stages in the professional life track of the teacher as well as the mental aspect of the principals’ perception of management throughout the career. The Israeli model adopted these theories as the basis for the professional development of principals and formed a comprehensive program of learning from the stage of the entry into the role to the stage of the retirement. The article will propose a critical look at the professional development program of the school principals from the third year in the role and onwards, on the background of the new challenges with which the Israeli educational system copes. The article will focus on the theoretical and practical aspects of the question of the professional development of principals, will review the influences of recent reforms on the professional development of principals from the third year in the position, will present the immanent gaps of the Israeli program applied to these principals, and will suggest issues for future thought. ItemThe Educational System of the Palestinian Minority in Israel ‘under Occupation’: Educational Autonomy as a Right for Minorities(Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM, 2016) Nehaya Awida, Haj-YehyaOne of the foundation stones of a democratic state is the granting minorities an autonomous educational system, so as to assure that the hegemonic group does not take over the learning contents that are important to the formation of a cultural-religious-national identity that meets the needs of these minority groups. This research study will examine the case of the Palestinian minority who are citizens of the democratic State of Israel and will attempt to examine the extent to which this right to an autonomous educational system is granted. Who decides the goals and contents of learning of the ‘Arab educational system’ in Israel? The research study will examine the degree of desire and realization of these unique needs. It was found in this research study that the Arab educational system in Israel is still controlled by the Jewish majority and the educational policy is determined from topdown, as expressed in the goals and contents of the studies. ItemChanges in the Educational Practice in Kindergartens in the Czech Republic(Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM, 2016) Burkovičová, RadmilaRelatively extensive changes are currently taking place in the system of preschool education in the Czech Republic, which will mainly affect the educational landscape of kindergartens. A personalityoriented model of preschool education requires a considerate, understanding and helping approach to each child. The joint education of all children, where inclusion occurs for certain children who were excluded from children’s communities in the past, is happening within the context of Czech and international legislation. Supporting measures are provided to children where required. However, such measures may ultimately also benefit the teacher. ItemThe Model of Professional Development School (PDS) as a Practice of Partnership University-Schools in Teacher Education: A Multi-year Evaluation Study in Israel(Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM, 2016) Bar, NavaThe article presents in its first part the partnership model – PDS (Professional Development School) for teacher education that developed in the 1970s in the United States following criticism and research findings that indicated lack of satisfaction with the traditional teacher education programs. In its second part the article presents findings and discussion of a multi-year study conducted over seven years, from 2010 to 2016, in the first and up till now the only PDS partnership incorporated into teacher training program in research university in Israel. The multi-year study focused on student teachers’ evaluation of the contribution of the teacher training components of the universityschool partnership model (PDS) to their learning of teaching: the practice teaching in the school and the school mentors; the groups of student colleagues as learning communities and their weekly meetings and the university coordinators. From the perception of the PDS partnership as a dynamic and developing process and from the approach of evidence-based practice, the importance of this multi-year study lies in the identification of the essential strengths in the process of the practical experience expressed in the partnerships for their empowerment. In addition the importance of this research is in the identification of the essential weaknesses and challenges, for the purpose of enquiry and learning in the learning communities who take part in the PDS partnerships, and the raising of the necessary courses of action and changes. The importance of the research study in the international aspect lies in the presentation of an additional profile of partnership for the extension of the shared discussion about dilemmas and challenges that arise from the implementation of different partnerships in the training of teachers. ItemOn the Continuum Between Educational and Academic Goals – Results from a Qualitative Research on Israeli High School Homeroom Educators and Subject Teachers(Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM, 2016) Bar Gosen, NoahThis research project presents different role perceptions regarding educational and academic aims, among high school instruction personnel. Since its foundation the Israeli education system has defined its role as a socialization agent as well as an academic institution. As national and international achievement tests became more widespread, the focus on academic aspect increased and the influence of academic excellence on school grading can be seen as more influential in comparison to educational achievements. Semi-structured interviews of 14 high school teachers – homeroom educators and subject teachers – were conducted. Results show that homeroom educators put more emphasis on educational aims while subject teachers put more emphasis on academic achievements. Their definition of success was a mixture of both objectives. Homeroom educators tend to apply educational inclusive practices while subject teachers tend to apply instructional ones. International research emphasizes the importance of educational aims and inclusive practices in promoting academic achievements for all (OECD, 2010). The emphasis on evaluation and assessment of academic achievements may results in exclusive practices. These results suggest that adding educational achievements to schools' evaluation scales can encourage all instruction personnel to promote educational aims and inclusive practices as well as academic ones, thus contributing to schools' performance in evaluation tests. ItemHearing Impairment and its Reflection in Psychological Diagnostics(Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM, 2016) Potmesilova, Petra; Potmesil, Milon; Bełza, MagdalenaThe authors hereby present a report on research aimed at the possibilities of adjustments of psychodiagnostic materials to be used in the population of children with hearing impairments in order to reduce or eliminate the functional impact of the defect on the child's performance and consequently on the diagnostic process. The adjustment was made by formal language modification without intervention in the content, and by the creation of a version in Czech sign language. The B4J.E.P.I. personality questionnaire and a comprehension subtest using the Wechsler intelligence scale for children (further WISC4III) were experimentally modified and tested in practice between 2011 and 2016. ItemZarządzanie placówką oświatową – pomiędzy ideałami a rzeczywistością(Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM, 2016) Pawłowski, Roman; Wołoszyn, BeataThe aim of this article is to present dilemmas that are experienced by directors/headmasters of educational institutions. On the one hand, they carry out tasks strictly defined by the education law documents, on the other hand, they are expected to create educational leadership. Reality shows that, what the directors would like the most is to pursue directing an education institution in the democratic style, but just as often, in fact, they represent an authoritarian management style. This stems from the multiplicity of tasks they have to perform and the external pressure of the governing authority, the pedagogical supervisory body and the influence of state policy. This situation raises concerns about the functioning of educational institutions and the final outcome of formal education: effective education for life in a democratic society. ItemKształtowanie gotowości do zmiany jako element działań preparacyjnych w procesie resocjalizacji(Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM, 2016) Chojecka, JanaThis article approximates the main issues relate to question what can make social rehabilitation more effective and efficient. Contemporary research focus on concept of readiness and motivation as main components of effective programming for offenders. In the literature we can find many different definitions used by researchers to describe the fenomenon of being ready, willing and able to engage in social rehabilitation process and to change offending behaviors. I will try to show some theories how people change and some methods which can increase readiness to engage in programms. ItemT3/ZOOM w edukacji akademickiej (poszukiwanie tematów prac dyplomowych przez studentów)(Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM, 2016) Olczak, MałgorzataProblem finding is described as behaviours, attitudes and cognitive processes that are responsible for creating a vision, posing and formulating problems. Problem finding is an alternative towards behaviours, attitudes and processes participating in solving problems (Jay, Perkins 1997). Problem finding constitutes a significant part of problem7based thinking related to the processes of discovering, formulating and reformulating problems (Szmidt 2003). It is active in “the first phase of solving problems when becoming curious about a situation we try to realise the difficulty and formulate a question that would adequately reflect the situation we find ourselves in as well as the goal we strive for” (Szmidt 2003, 23 [own transl.]). Hence, the question becomes the main element of the process of searching for the problem because it satisfies the cognitive anxiety, while the answer is the central element of the process of solving problems (Arlin 1990). The author analyzed problem finding in the area of polytechnic education. She proposed employing her original T3/ZOOM technique of finding problems and cognitive tasks for the search for Bachelor’s thesis topics by the students. ItemWszędzie dobrze, ale w domu najlepiej. Analiza decyzji dotyczących kontynuacji nauki na studiach drugiego stopnia na podstawie danych rejestrowych Uniwersytetu Warszawskiego(Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM, 2016) Zając, Tomasz; Komendant-Brodowska, AgataThe aim of the paper is to analyse decisions of first degree graduates concerning continuation of their education on second-degree programmes. One of the changes introduced by the Bologna process was a division of university programmes for the first-degree (bachelor’s degree) and second-degree (master’s degree) programmes. As a result, a new educational threshold has appeared in the course of higher education and at that threshold students decide whether to continue education and if so, which university and programme to choose. All choices involve various costs and benefits, both to be experienced immediately, as well as those that students plan to achieve or incur in the future. The article presents data on the decisions regarding the continuation of studies in the context of the assumptions of rational choice theory: methodological individualism and rationality of actors. The analysed data come from registers of the University of Warsaw. The most common decision of first-degree graduates at the University is not to change anything: either the programme or mode of study. This result will be explained in the context of assumptions about the preferences of the students. ItemEdukacyjna rola szkoły i nauczyciela wychowania fizycznego w kształtowaniu aktywności fizycznej młodzieży(Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM, 2016) Wartecka-Ważyńska, AgnieszkaPhysical activity is an important element in psychophysical development of any human, including children and young people. Rational and regular participation in vigorous physical activity contributes to improvement and maintaining good health status. It also affects mood of a person and determines the quality of his or her life. The aim of the paper is to determine the role of school in the context of the factors that stimulate physical activity among young people at the age of 16 to 20 years. The paper has a literature-based and empirical character. The basic research methodologies adopted in the study included analysis of subject literature, diagnostic survey using questionnaire technique, and a statistical method. The questionnaire survey was carried out in 2012-2013 in secondary schools in the region of the Greater Poland Voivodeship in Poland in a group of 850 students. The study demonstrated that young people are physically active and participate in different forms of sport and recreation. However, one third of the young people studied spend their leisure time in a passive manner. They are not involved in any physical activity and spend their leisure time playing computer games, watching the TV, socializing, reading books and magazines and listening to the music. It should be noted that, in this context, the role of physical education teachers and school is critical. ItemUczenie się w perspektywie św. Tomasza z Akwinu i neurobiologii – dysharmonicznie czy unisono?(Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM, 2016) Nowicki, Michał; Kowalska, KlaudiaIn this article, we review the pedagogical ideas of St. Thomas Aquinas, as well as the assumptions of neurogenesis, synapsogenesis and mindfulness and their utility in educational directives. Our aim is to verify whether these both positions are consistent. The end result is to specify the character of teacher, which will consent with St. Thomas’ and neurobiologists ideas. ItemMusic Education as a Key Factor in the Full Development of a Child(Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM, 2016) Kłysz-Sokalska, NataliaMusic education is a field of pedagogy dedicated to the development of the individual through artistic action, which is manifested in various forms and activities. Properly conducted music education has a beneficial effect on the right development of child. Research shows that music education stimulates the competence of child's language and mathematical skills, affect the development of creative child's personality and its socialization. Neurodidactics points to the significance of playing the instruments to neurogenesis and the development of skills of concentration, memory and attention. Movement to music, however, is developing spatial and mobility coordination, involves sight and hearing, which has a beneficial effect on the mastery of the whole body – muscles and nervous system. Unfortunately, despite the enormity of the positive aspects, music education is treated superficially, which shows a small amount of hours music lessons at school and inadequate preparation and attitude of teachers for music education. The difficulty with which collides every day music education is also a contemporary musical culture. The low level of the presented music content being the only "marketing product" makes that music education becoming too elitist activity, or is forced to follow along with system. ItemMiejsca pamięci w edukacji obywatelskiej(Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM, 2016) Majchrzak, KingaThe text starts with a short introduction. Then the concept of place is defined and its inherent characteristics are described: its symbolism, multi'sided nature and multidisciplinary connotations. Afterwards the principles of place'based pedagogy are presented and it’s eclectic character is pointed out. Then, attempt explain idea of the memorial sites from the standpoint of history and pedagogy. In the final part the author relates to educational potential of (national) memorial sites and takes a stance on the role of memorial sites in citizenship education. ItemInterdyscyplinarne, sieciowo-systemowe podejście do procesu readaptacji i reintegracji społecznej osób skazanych i ich rodzin(Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM, 2016) Nowak, Beata MariaThe author presents a holistic, network and systemic approach to the provision of assistance and support for individuals who are marginalised, at risk of exclusion and excluded. The author sees the adaptation of the clustering idea and theory and the compatible coopetition strategy as a real chance for a breakthrough in thinking about social re*adaptation and reintegration and for an effective modernisation of an inefficient prevention and social rehabilitation system. ItemNastoletnie macierzyństwo – szansa czy ograniczenie? Doświadczenia małoletnich matek z grup defaworyzowanych(Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM, 2016) Skowrońska-Pućka, AgnieszkaThis article deals with the issues of early motherhood. Early parenting is a critical event in the life of teenage girls. Teens are mentally and socially immature and unprepared to fulfill the role of mother. Besides minor mothers usually come from poor families, are pupils in primary or secondary schools, do not work, do not have a steady income and own apartment, and in this case remain under the custody care and educational institution. The article is an attempt to answer the question, as teenagers from disadvantaged groups, pupil of childcare centers and describe the experience of motherhood. What is surprising, despite initial concerns and difficulties in retrospect evaluate them as a gift and a blessing, a source of valuable life experience and even a protective factor against the occurrence of other problems care and education.