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- ItemEwolucja stosunków pomiędzy Ukrainą i UE(Wydawnictwo Naukowe WNPiD UAM w Poznaniu, 2010) Sydun, SwietłanaSince the Soviet Union collapsed and Ukraine regained her independence, Ukraine has become an object of interest of the EU’s foreign policy. Ukraine has immense economic and social potential, and a significant geopolitical location, particularly from the point of view of EU – Russian relations. Good mutual relations were corroborated by the Partnership and Cooperation Agreement between Ukraine and the EU. Signed on June 14, 1994, the Agreement provided for the reinforcement of mutual bonds as well as political and economic cooperation. Over its near twenty years of independence, Ukraine has taken part in several EU initiatives. A current issue at the Ukraine– EU summit, held in Kiev in December 2009, concerned the agreement of association to be drawn up that should replace the present Partnership and Cooperation Agreement between Ukraine and the EU. On account of a number of issues that the EU continues to have reservations about (the insufficient battle against corruption in Ukraine, the slow pace of economic reforms, and the lack of a uniform standpoint of the Ukrainian President, government and parliament) the signing of this Agreement has been postponed until next year.
- ItemWybrane aspekty ustrojowe samorządu terytorialnego na Ukrainie i w Polsce(Wydawnictwo Naukowe WNPiD UAM w Poznaniu, 2010) Owsiak, Wiktor; Prokopiv, OlhaThis paper presents the significance of the issues related to the activity of territorial self-government for the social and economic development of Ukraine. The efficient operation of self-government in any country is unfeasible without financial resources. Polish experience in the development of territorial self-government is particularly valuable in relation to the reform of Ukraine’s self-government. The paper outlines the differences in the structure and operation of territorial self-government in both countries. The paper is concluded with numerous observations on the direction of selected reforms of Ukrainian self-government. It shows the weaknesses of local self-government in Ukraine, which result from the lack of decentralization of finance and the small amount of state-collected taxes. The conclusions end with the observation that a consistent development of the Ukrainian state is required for Poland to develop well.
- ItemSkutki „pomarańczowej rewolucji” na Ukrainie i ich znaczenie w wyborach prezydenckich 2010 roku(Wydawnictwo Naukowe WNPiD UAM w Poznaniu, 2010) Drako, Marina; Razmus, Wiktor; Martyniuk, NataliaThe events that took place in Ukraine in November and December 2004 entered history as the ‘Orange Revolution.’ The accuracy of the notion of ‘revolution’ in this case raises certain doubts, though. The absence of fundamental alterations in the social and political system of the state does not allow us to describe these events as revolutionary. The emergence of national conscience, political will and the qualitative change of the entire society’s legal culture, all of which have obviously taken place there, are considered to be another step in Ukrainian evolution towards democracy. Referring to the ‘figure – ground’ principle of the Gestalt theory it can be claimed that in 2004 the need for freedom of speech promoted democracy as ‘the figure’ against ‘the ground’ of economic needs that were fulfilled at a sufficient, albeit not the highest level. Having achieved its objective the society began to feel a deficiency of basic needs. When the ‘orange’ authorities failed to meet its expectations, the society lost confidence in them, and in the presidential elections of 2010 gave the ‘white-and-blues’ the chance to implement changes and build a competitive economy in the country.
- ItemReakcja Unii Europejskiej na wybory prezydenta Ukrainy w 2010 r(Wydawnictwo Naukowe WNPiD UAM w Poznaniu, 2010) Lugina, OlenaThe paper presents the attitude of the EU to the Presidential elections in Ukraine which took place this year. It discusses the statements of leading EU politicians related to Brussels–Kiev relations at the time, the impact of the elections on the further development of cooperation between the EU and Ukraine, as well as the activities of the European Parliament intended to support the pro-European policy of Ukraine, headed by the recently elected President Viktor Yanukovich. The paper also presents articles that reported the campaign and its results published in the main European newspapers, such as „Süddeutsche Zeitung”, „Spiegel”, „The Economist”, „The Financial Times”, „Liberation”, „Corriere della Sera” and others, which exerted a significant influence on shaping EU public opinion on presidential elections in Ukraine. The author pays particular attention to the analysis of the first visit of the new Ukrainian President, Viktor Yanukowich, to Brussels. It resulted in the key priorities of the EU-Ukrainian coopera- tion under the new political circumstances being established.
- ItemProces konstytucyjny na Ukrainie w latach 1990-2006(Wydawnictwo Naukowe WNPiD UAM w Poznaniu, 2010) Czubara, TomaszThis paper attempts to describe the constitution process in Ukraine from 1990 to 2006, given the dispute between the President and the Highest Council (Parliament). The transformations of post-soviet republics that followed the collapse of the USSR created a need for new political, social and economic agreements to be drawn up to befit the new times. The reforming process of these realms of Ukrainian society’s activity was reflected in the evolution of Ukrainian constitutional principles. The Ukrainian Constitution determines the political and administrative system of the state. The amendments proposed have favored either the President or the Highest Council, depending on the political situation in the country. Despite numerous attempts, the most important reforms of the system have still not been implemented in Ukraine, which is hardly conducive to the state’s stability. The emergence of the foundation for the political system of the independent Ukrainian state is a good illustration of how individual interests of different political forces exert a negative impact on the shaping of a civic society and local self-government, based on transparent principles.